How Lawyers Use Digital Evidence in Court

Web Admin - Tuesday, July 15, 2014

criminal defense digital evidenceThe advent of computer technology has reshaped the way that people communicate with each other, as well as how they treat information. This has created an interesting ripple effect in courts, which now have to deal with lawyers seeking to use digital evidence in court, which includes things like incriminating emails, computer files, and Facebook posts. 

The use of this sort of evidence comes with a variety of hurdles that an attorney must clear. The attorney must prove that the evidence is authentic and untampered with, as well as show that the records are acceptable as testimony. Prosecutors in a criminal case have a higher standard to meet, needing to show that their obtaining the evidence did not violate the defendant's privacy rights.

Hurdles to Using Digital Evidence

Lawyers face three hurdles in using digital evidence: authentication, hearsay, and privacy. Authentication refers to the need to demonstrate that the digital evidence is genuine and that no one fabricated or tampered with it. This is more difficult to show with things like emails than with physical letters because people can easily edit or alter the email's text to change the substance of the message. However, many courts still set a fairly low standard of authenticity for allowing the lawyers to present evidence to the jury; they leave the final determination of genuineness to the jury itself.

The next exception to the use of digital evidence is the rule forbidding “hearsay” testimony, which digital evidence often qualifies as. Hearsay is a statement made outside of a courtroom that the lawyer is attempting to use to prove the truth of whatever the statement is about. For instance, if a defendant is on trial for murder and one witness testifies that another witness told them they had seen the defendant commit the murder, that testimony would be hearsay since the testifying witness is just reciting an out-of-court statement.

Finally, in criminal cases, the prosecution must also show that the police obtained the evidence without violating a person's 4th Amendment rights. In many cases this means that the police must have received a warrant to perform the search, but there are exceptions to this. For instance, in the civil case of Largent v. Reed, the court determined that people do not have a “reasonable expectation of privacy” in regards to the things they post to Facebook, which would mean that a warrant would not be required to look through a person's Facebook profile.

How People Can Protect Themselves

Protecting online and digital information is a difficult prospect. Often, awareness of the public nature of things like Facebook posts, internet searches, and emails can help people stay alert to the fact that such things may be available as evidence in court. This can help modify people's behavior, and make them more careful about the sort of information that they make digitally available. Beyond that, there are some programs that can encrypt private data, but these can often be decrypted throughout the discovery process.

If you are concerned about the use of digital evidence against you in a trial, contact a Barrington criminal defense attorney today. Our firm represents clients across many northwest suburban towns like Rolling Meadows, Palatine, and Schaumburg.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, civil litigation, real estate law, and corporate law. Colin is an active member of the Board of Governors of the Northwest Suburban Bar Association and the Illinois Creditors Bar Association. He is currently Vice President of the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce, and is a Commissioner for the Village of Arlington Heights. Colin has a 10.0 Attorney rating on Avvo, and was named one of the 2014 “Top 40 Under 40” Trial Lawyers in Illinois by the National Trial Lawyers Association.

Murder in the Mushroom Kingdom: Is Mario a Knight in Shining Armor or a Dangerous Fugitive?

Web Admin - Tuesday, March 25, 2014

illinois criminal defense lawyer mario murderSuper Mario Bros. is one of the best-selling video games of all time, and its story presents an interesting issue of criminal law. In the game, Bowser invades the Mushroom Kingdom, turns all of its inhabitants into inanimate objects, and kidnaps the princess in order to prevent her from undoing the spell. Then, Mario sets off on his quest to free the princess and the kingdom. At the end of the game Mario confronts Bowser, pushing him into a pit of lava to free the princess. This raises the question of whether Mario’s killing of Bowser was a crime or whether it was done out of necessity or self-defense.

The Crimes

After killing Bowser, Mario would likely be charged with some form of homicide. Illinois law breaks homicide down into four categories: first-degree murder, second-degree murder, reckless homicide, and involuntary manslaughter. Of these types of killing, Bowser’s would probably fall into either first or second-degree murder. First-degree murder occurs when a person kills someone either with the intent to kill them or do them serious bodily harm, or when a person kills someone by taking some action that they know will kill or seriously injure the person. Second-degree murder is the same, except that the killing is mitigated by the fact that the killer is either acting under extreme emotional provocation or that the killer has an unreasonable but sincere belief that they have a legal justification for the killing, such as self-defense.

In Mario’s case, it seems most likely that he would be charged with second-degree murder since Bowser had just turned everyone he knew into inanimate objects, which would definitely fall into the serious provocation version of second-degree murder. Furthermore, Mario probably has a strong legal defense to the killing, which he no doubt sincerely believed.

The Defenses

Mario could raise two defenses in his case that would probably allow him to escape with a not guilty verdict: self-defense and necessity. Both of these are covered by the justifiable use of force section of the Illinois Criminal Code. For the purposes of self-defense, a person is allowed to use deadly force only if they reasonably believe it is necessary to prevent “imminent death or great bodily harm” to themselves or another person. Since Bowser had kidnapped the princess and stolen her kingdom that would probably be grounds for reasonable belief that he was going to kill or seriously harm her.

Mario could also use a defense of necessity for the murder, and it would probably succeed. The concept of necessity allows a person to do something that would be criminal if the harm that arises from it is less that the harm that they prevent with the act. Since Mario’s killing Bowser freed the kingdom, and there were no members of law enforcement left, a court would likely find what he did to be necessary.

If, like Mario, you have recently been the subject of criminal charges, seek help from a criminal defense lawyer in Illinois today. We represent accused citizens in the northwest suburban area, including in Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, and Schaumburg.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, civil litigation, real estate law, and corporate law. Colin is an active member of the Board of Governors of the Northwest Suburban Bar Association and the Illinois Creditors Bar Association. He is currently Vice President of the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce, and is a Commissioner for the Village of Arlington Heights. Colin has a 10.0 Attorney rating on Avvo, and was named one of the 2014 “Top 40 Under 40” Trial Lawyers in Illinois by the National Trial Lawyers Association.

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.

What Happens if I Get Caught Driving Without a License in Illinois?

Web Admin - Friday, December 13, 2013

By Colin H. Gilbert 



The State of Illinois takes driving without a license very seriously. The law does not view this like a mere speeding ticket or red light violation. Instead, the Illinois Vehicle Code allows the state to pursue criminal charges against drivers who get on the road without a license.

The law breaks down the seriousness of getting caught driving without a license into three separate categories depending on a variety of factors. These factors include whether or not the reason the person has a license, whether the person ever had a license, and the person’s age.

Driving without a license starts off as a petty offense. The law considers it a petty offense if the person had a license at one point in the past year, and merely let it lapse. In these cases the law limits the punishment to a $500 fine. If the person’s license expired more than a year ago, or if the driver in question is below the age to get a driver’s license then the law upgrades the crime to a class B misdemeanor. 

Class B misdemeanors can trigger punishments of up to $1,500 in fines, and 180 days in prison. However, jail time for unlicensed driving in this case is uncommon, and judges are allowed to sentence offenders to probation or community service instead. The law may also punish driving without a license as a Class A misdemeanor in the event that the driver committed the offense after the Secretary of State suspended or revoked their license. In these cases, the court may sentence the offender to up to a year in prison, along with $2,500 dollars in fines.

Additionally, people caught driving without a license face more than just criminal sanctions. The Secretary of State will also get involved by suspending their license. License suspensions can last anywhere from two months to a year depending on the number of convictions for driving without a license that a person has received. Also, license suspension affects even those people who never received a driver’s license, since they will be unable to get one for the length of their suspension. Furthermore, after a person’s fifth conviction, the Secretary of State can revoke a person’s driving privileges. In this instance, the state will not allow the person to drive until they have recovered their privileges in a formal hearing.


If you face criminal charges for driving without a license, you do not have to go through the process alone. Contact a Schaumburg criminal defense lawyer today. We serve many northwest suburban areas including Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Barrington, and other nearby communities.

Recent Posts


appealing an insurance claim product liability Kenilworth estate planning lawyer Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents Schaumburg estate planning attorney criminal defense Illinois wrongful termination lawyer Illinois traffic laws Illinois red light cameras Crystal Lake car accident attorney condo association automated cars Palatine civil attorney Illinois medical malpractice claim rollover car crashes Whistleblower Claims elder law hands free device contracts Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer unpaid overtime Palatine business attorney Buffalo Grove employment lawyer irrevocable trust Schaumburg drug defense lawyer underage DUI tax attorney insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys Buffalo Grove corporate attorney Home Remodeling Repair Act Palatine punch death blood alcohol content real estate closing workers compensation Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers Kenilworth estate planning attorneys Illinois bicycle safety estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers murder medical malpractice health insurance dispute traffic tickets employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys Illinois medical malpractice case Mount Prospect real estate lawyer spinal cord injuries small business child safety rent to own real estate contracts power of attorney DUI defense probate claims process breathalyzer test employee rights Rolling Meadows criminal attorney Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer insurance claims residential real estate Illinois lawyer Crystal Lake employment law attorney marijuana Employment Discrimination Law insurance attorney Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality employment lawyer Des Plaines criminal attorney Rolling Meadows traffic law firm investment property rollover accidents Legal Info Illinois wills and trusts Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Palatine workers compensation lawyer insurance claim Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers Rolling Meadows probate lawyer real estate Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer CAM Des Plaines accident attorney Long Grove estate planning attorney estate planning Palatine elder law attorney elder abuse Long Grove estate planning attorneys in terrorem provision Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney Chicago employment attorney personal injury claims Joliet general practice lawyers Chicago car accident lawyer estate planning attorney Illinois elder law attorney field sobriety test Illinois workers compensation attorney Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers Barrington criminal lawyer Chicago lawyer back injuries federal regulations for LLCs Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys Illinois criminal defense attorney Illinois trucking safety Long Grove real estate attorney Illinois construction accident attorney pet bites traffic crimes mass shooting commercial leases murder defense Palatine real estate lawyer compensatory time Illinois workplace discrimination attorney Palatine insurance lawyer Arlington Heights lawyer Deer Park real estate law firm Illinois insurance claim attorney Des Plaines insurance attorney comparative negligence BAIID Mount Prospect elder law attorney trusts Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers Arlington Heights traffic attorney Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm employee misclassification financial advisors Fourth of July insurance denials Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer Des Plaines tax law firm work unions consent to a search Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer Illinois rollover accident lawyers pedestrian accidents disability benefits Class A misdemeanor drugs Rolling Meadows accident lawyer Illinois speeding lawyer unfunded trust BUI insurance adjusters personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys surgical mistakes trucking accidents Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act real estate zoning Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer personal injury lawyer real estate attorney Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers Illinois probate lawyer home inspection lawyer Illinois business law atorneys Illinois pedestrian accident attorney Illinois injury lawyer Chicago insurance law firm pain and suffering Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys cell phone accidents spinal cord injury guardianship attorney personal injury claim personal injury fiduciary rule meal breaks Chicago will attorney Illinois real estate jet ski employment law distracted driving accidents privacy Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer traffic violations head on collisions Arlington Heights Attorney creditors Affordable Care Act Palatine law firm whistleblower protections Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Palatine construction attorney Arlington Heights real estate lawyer digital evidence Barrington employment attorney Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Chicago trucking accident attorney Illinois living will insurance agents Illinois LLC creation capital gains tax Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act personal injury law firm Illinois traffic attorney Landlord Tenant Ordinance traumatic brain injury workplace sexual harassment insurance dispute attorney Illinois employee rights attorney. Illinois insurance disputes unpaid assessment Schaumburg employment law attorneys premises liability Illinois home inspection car crash injuries Illinois workplace lawyer Illinois collections attorney insurance claim delay attorney fees marijuana crimes attorney Des Plaines collections attorney boating DUI PTSD Palatine personal injury lawyer Buffalo Grove probate lawyer Palatine criminal defense lawyer installment contracts speeding federal crimes insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys vacation home life insurance policy rest breaks traffic laws motorcycle accident lawyer condo Crystal Lake employment lawyer estate plan Chicago traffic lawyer Palatine probate lawyer Deer Park employment law attorney sexual harassment Palatine drug lawyer crossover accidents traffic offenses advance healthcare directive Rolling Meadows Attorney Rolling Meadows employment attorney problem employees privacy laws income distribution deducation Deer Park workers compensation lawyer insurance negligence Illinois workers compensation lawyer Schaumburg Attorney Illinois personal injury Colin Gilbert Palatine estate planning lawyer Arlington Heights tax lawyer Policy Cancellation Chicago employment lawyer Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers employment law, Illinois employment laws life insurance claims Barrington employment law attorney Buffalo Grove real estate attorney underfunded trust TBI Illinois personal injury lawyer subcontractor Chicago corporate attorney defective products lawyer modern family estate planning Fair Labor Standards Act mortgage BAC Barrington real estate lawyer medication errors independent contractor DUI Barrington attorney Palatine traffic lawyer real estate lawyer Barrington civil litigation attorney Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer Barrington criminal defense lawyer forming a corporation in Illinois products liability Home Sale Contingencies Colin H. Gilbert insurance claim dispute attorney IRS Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Barrington personal injury lawyer digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute IRA trust transfer medical malpractice claims Forcible Entry Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys living trust benefits drug crimes Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Illinois DUI attorney overtime pay gift taxes real estate contract Inverness injury lawyer Arlington Heights employment attorney Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers Illinois attorney Self-Directed IRA Accounts Illinois real estate lawyer dealing with problem employees Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Retaliatory Discharge GM ignition switches revenge porn Rolling Meadows real estate attorney pay when paid contract job lawyers liability Buffalo Grove traffic attorney right to work Palatine Attorney Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer swimming pools fiduciary rule delay Illinois employment law firm workers comp insurance agent negligence Schaumburg construction accident lawyer Illinois Barrington workers compensation attorney Deer Park traffic accident attorney clemency Des Plaines injury law firm liens Illinois Smoke Detector Act Deer Park personal injury lawyer trustee Palatine employment law lawyer driving loss of consortium liability claims digital information deadly crashes traffic violations defense estate planning lawyer Schaumburg insurance lawyers medical research healthcare claims Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Inverness insurance attorney dram shop law workers compensation benefits medical marijuana denied insurance claim denied insurance claims Palatine civil litigation lawyer wrongful termination FSLA anesthesia errors Chicago biking tips Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer car accidents low-ball insurance settlement Inverness traffic law firm business litigation bicycle dooring accidents involuntary manslaughter pet law Jay Andrew distracted driving accident victims Illinois estate planning South Barrington real estate attorney Schaumburg car accident attorney civil litigation attorney Crystal Lake traffic attorney personal injury accidents Illinois employment law attorneys Buffalo Grove law firm Palatine employment attorney Deer Park accident attorney traumatic brain injuries Illinois traffic ticket lawyer sole proprietorship drug possession Des Plaines real estate attorney ken apicella icy parking lots Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney new real estate form Illinois trusts attorney landlord Des Plaines real estate lawyer estate planning trusts sexual images DMV commercial real estate trench injuries IRA benefits construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation insurance claim dispute Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney Deer Park criminal attorney Arlington Heights criminal lawyer Illinois job attorney employee discrimination wage theft Crystal Lake car accident lawyer drug crimes lawyer Deer Park medical malpractice attorney Illinois corporate lawyer Palatine corporate attorney social media after death Inverness real estate lawyer Inverness personal injury attorney Illinois insurance attorney Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument paid sick leave Illinois employment law hit and run accident cell phone tower data operating agreements Kenilworth estate planning attorney Illinois personal injury attorney Crystal Lake personal injury attorney homestead rights Schaumburg personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Crystal Lake employment attorney Family Medical Leave Act real estate leasing DNR personal injury attorney Crystal Lake tax lawyer Deer Park DUI lawyer probate process insurance claim denials Inverness civil lawyer living wills real estate attorneys LLCs accidental death benefits Thanksgiving Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission POA Schaumburg estate planning lawyer slip and fall drunk driving Crystal Lake business law attorneys Schaumburg injury lawyer Illinois law Long Grove real estate lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Schaumburg real estate lawyer Palatine employment lawyer probate Illinois small business Des Plaines DUI attorney IRELA institutional trustee Arlington Heights insurance attorney Barrington litigation attorney School Visitation Rights Act Schaumburg estate attorney Exclusions Barrington employment law firm Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer license overtime violations bad faith insurance claims Arlington Heights TBI attorney gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys fatal car accidents DUI penalities Chicago estate planning Arlington Heights personal injury attorney Des Plaines drug lawyer car crash insurance dispute college kids pizza emoji unauthorized overtime Rolling Meadows traffic attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer natural gas explosion Rolling Meadows Illinois employment law attorney manufacturing natural gas Detainer Actions llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association DUI attorney Buffalo Grove injury lawyer Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Inverness DUI lawyer Illinois medical malpractice attorney trust payments startup company motorcycle accident Illinois Probate Act of 1975 Des Plaines personal injury lawyers Crystal Lake injury attorney underinsured motorist owner responsibility minimum wage Arlington Heights employment law attorneys Do Not Resuscitate insurance disputes Arlington Heights car accident lawyer Barrington medical malpractice lawyers Arlington Heights injury attorney Liquor Control Act car crashes power of attorney for healthcare Des Plaines personal injury lawyer Illinois medical malpractice lawyers foreclosure trucking accident lawyers controlled substance blended families Crystal Lake accident attorney Inverness corporate attorney wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace commercial leasing digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, defective products Illinois jet ski accident lawyer license suspension Long Grove estate planning DGAA Arlington Heights estate planning attorney caretaker rights employment attorney Super Mario Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, Rolling Meadows employment law attorney drunk driving statistics employment contract eluding a police officer Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer FMLA Illinois defective products attorney drug crime Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer Schaumburg wrongful death attorney Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney Mt Prospect Attorney pedestrian accident wills and trusts Chicago attorney wrongful death ObamaCare cell phone traffic accidents murder charges Inverness probate lawyer Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys Arlington Heights accident attorney Barrington Traffic Lawyer wills Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney first degree murder living trust vs will employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney Illinois Human Rights Act trauma after an accident medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers Rolling Meadows insurance attorney boating accidents foreclosed rental property Crystal Lake pet attorney Barrington business law firm nursing home negligence Crystal Lake insurance lawyer estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney denial of life insurance Illinois employment attorneys Palatine trusts lawyer civil litigation Palatine corporate law attorneys Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers Barrington personal injury attorney brain injury Riverwoods estate planning lawyer food poisoning Illinois Sales Representative Act Des Plaines claims law firm Schaumburg elder law lawyer corporate law Des Plaines civil attorney Illinois business lawyer boating under the influence Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer Inverness estate planning lawyer Illinois traffic attorneys Des Plaines pet law attorney probate lawyer auto accidents fault based insurance suspended license Palatine injury attorney internet estate attorney senior citizens filing a medical malpractice claim Illinois mortgages civil rights violation Transfer on Death Instrument dynasty trusts pregnant women Illinois driving without license slip and fall accidents car accident car accident lawyer caregiver Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Inverness elder law lawyer Attorney Ken Apicella hiring employees Des Plaines personal injury attorney insurance denial appeals uninsured motorist Illinois insurance lawyer Schaumburg employment attorney Barrington injury attorney deed transfer Schaumburg personal injury lawyers digital assets insurance claim denial license revocation healthcare rumble strips Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers bike accident truck collisions landlord tenant law living trust probate fees Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer Illinois employment laws life insurance medical malpractice compensation Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer employees Barrington boating accident attorney Illinois traffic accident lawyer Barrington estate planning lawyer Rolling Meadows business lawyer Inverness accident lawyer agent Illinois registered agent no contest clauses Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer license reinstatement taxes texting and driving life insurance lawyer Des Plaines construction accidents holiday statistics Illinois personal injury lawyers Illinois tax attorney changes to mortgage law Illinois pet lawyer preventable medical errors severance agreements golf accidents Schaumburg probate attorney car accident lawyers Schaumburg criminal law attorney Inverness real estate attorney Schaumburg Schaumburg personal injury lawyer Schaumburg criminal attorney comp time dog bites Illinois will lawyer Schaumburg traffic lawyer Crystal Lake will lawyer preventing accidents breach of contract jet ski accidents Chicago insurance claim attorneys special needs trust texting while driving Schaumburg corporate attorney Chicago estate planning lawyer estate planning for college students Illinois civil litigation lawyer South Barrington real estate lawyer Deer Park traffic lawyer construction contracts loopholes criminal Palatine traffic accidents Illinois estate planning attorney Illinois boating accident lawyer criminal record traffic deaths car collision probate claims ACA Arlington Heights trucking lawyer Illinois employment lawyer Illinois insurance claims lawyers Illinois insurance dispute lawyers estate tax Illinois car accident attorney Barrington drug crime attorney Illinois estate planning law firm Crystal Lake law firm Rolling Meadows tax attorney Arlington Heights car crash attorneys criminal law expungement vacation home fines Barrington estate planning attorney pedestrian-automobile accident reckless homicide bicycle accidents