How Lawyers Use Digital Evidence in Court

Web Admin - Tuesday, July 15, 2014

criminal defense digital evidenceThe advent of computer technology has reshaped the way that people communicate with each other, as well as how they treat information. This has created an interesting ripple effect in courts, which now have to deal with lawyers seeking to use digital evidence in court, which includes things like incriminating emails, computer files, and Facebook posts. 

The use of this sort of evidence comes with a variety of hurdles that an attorney must clear. The attorney must prove that the evidence is authentic and untampered with, as well as show that the records are acceptable as testimony. Prosecutors in a criminal case have a higher standard to meet, needing to show that their obtaining the evidence did not violate the defendant's privacy rights.

Hurdles to Using Digital Evidence

Lawyers face three hurdles in using digital evidence: authentication, hearsay, and privacy. Authentication refers to the need to demonstrate that the digital evidence is genuine and that no one fabricated or tampered with it. This is more difficult to show with things like emails than with physical letters because people can easily edit or alter the email's text to change the substance of the message. However, many courts still set a fairly low standard of authenticity for allowing the lawyers to present evidence to the jury; they leave the final determination of genuineness to the jury itself.

The next exception to the use of digital evidence is the rule forbidding “hearsay” testimony, which digital evidence often qualifies as. Hearsay is a statement made outside of a courtroom that the lawyer is attempting to use to prove the truth of whatever the statement is about. For instance, if a defendant is on trial for murder and one witness testifies that another witness told them they had seen the defendant commit the murder, that testimony would be hearsay since the testifying witness is just reciting an out-of-court statement.

Finally, in criminal cases, the prosecution must also show that the police obtained the evidence without violating a person's 4th Amendment rights. In many cases this means that the police must have received a warrant to perform the search, but there are exceptions to this. For instance, in the civil case of Largent v. Reed, the court determined that people do not have a “reasonable expectation of privacy” in regards to the things they post to Facebook, which would mean that a warrant would not be required to look through a person's Facebook profile.

How People Can Protect Themselves

Protecting online and digital information is a difficult prospect. Often, awareness of the public nature of things like Facebook posts, internet searches, and emails can help people stay alert to the fact that such things may be available as evidence in court. This can help modify people's behavior, and make them more careful about the sort of information that they make digitally available. Beyond that, there are some programs that can encrypt private data, but these can often be decrypted throughout the discovery process.

If you are concerned about the use of digital evidence against you in a trial, contact a Barrington criminal defense attorney today. Our firm represents clients across many northwest suburban towns like Rolling Meadows, Palatine, and Schaumburg.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, civil litigation, real estate law, and corporate law. Colin is an active member of the Board of Governors of the Northwest Suburban Bar Association and the Illinois Creditors Bar Association. He is currently Vice President of the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce, and is a Commissioner for the Village of Arlington Heights. Colin has a 10.0 Attorney rating on Avvo, and was named one of the 2014 “Top 40 Under 40” Trial Lawyers in Illinois by the National Trial Lawyers Association.

Murder in the Mushroom Kingdom: Is Mario a Knight in Shining Armor or a Dangerous Fugitive?

Web Admin - Tuesday, March 25, 2014

illinois criminal defense lawyer mario murderSuper Mario Bros. is one of the best-selling video games of all time, and its story presents an interesting issue of criminal law. In the game, Bowser invades the Mushroom Kingdom, turns all of its inhabitants into inanimate objects, and kidnaps the princess in order to prevent her from undoing the spell. Then, Mario sets off on his quest to free the princess and the kingdom. At the end of the game Mario confronts Bowser, pushing him into a pit of lava to free the princess. This raises the question of whether Mario’s killing of Bowser was a crime or whether it was done out of necessity or self-defense.

The Crimes

After killing Bowser, Mario would likely be charged with some form of homicide. Illinois law breaks homicide down into four categories: first-degree murder, second-degree murder, reckless homicide, and involuntary manslaughter. Of these types of killing, Bowser’s would probably fall into either first or second-degree murder. First-degree murder occurs when a person kills someone either with the intent to kill them or do them serious bodily harm, or when a person kills someone by taking some action that they know will kill or seriously injure the person. Second-degree murder is the same, except that the killing is mitigated by the fact that the killer is either acting under extreme emotional provocation or that the killer has an unreasonable but sincere belief that they have a legal justification for the killing, such as self-defense.

In Mario’s case, it seems most likely that he would be charged with second-degree murder since Bowser had just turned everyone he knew into inanimate objects, which would definitely fall into the serious provocation version of second-degree murder. Furthermore, Mario probably has a strong legal defense to the killing, which he no doubt sincerely believed.

The Defenses

Mario could raise two defenses in his case that would probably allow him to escape with a not guilty verdict: self-defense and necessity. Both of these are covered by the justifiable use of force section of the Illinois Criminal Code. For the purposes of self-defense, a person is allowed to use deadly force only if they reasonably believe it is necessary to prevent “imminent death or great bodily harm” to themselves or another person. Since Bowser had kidnapped the princess and stolen her kingdom that would probably be grounds for reasonable belief that he was going to kill or seriously harm her.

Mario could also use a defense of necessity for the murder, and it would probably succeed. The concept of necessity allows a person to do something that would be criminal if the harm that arises from it is less that the harm that they prevent with the act. Since Mario’s killing Bowser freed the kingdom, and there were no members of law enforcement left, a court would likely find what he did to be necessary.

If, like Mario, you have recently been the subject of criminal charges, seek help from a criminal defense lawyer in Illinois today. We represent accused citizens in the northwest suburban area, including in Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, and Schaumburg.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, civil litigation, real estate law, and corporate law. Colin is an active member of the Board of Governors of the Northwest Suburban Bar Association and the Illinois Creditors Bar Association. He is currently Vice President of the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce, and is a Commissioner for the Village of Arlington Heights. Colin has a 10.0 Attorney rating on Avvo, and was named one of the 2014 “Top 40 Under 40” Trial Lawyers in Illinois by the National Trial Lawyers Association.

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.

What Happens if I Get Caught Driving Without a License in Illinois?

Web Admin - Friday, December 13, 2013

By Colin H. Gilbert 



The State of Illinois takes driving without a license very seriously. The law does not view this like a mere speeding ticket or red light violation. Instead, the Illinois Vehicle Code allows the state to pursue criminal charges against drivers who get on the road without a license.

The law breaks down the seriousness of getting caught driving without a license into three separate categories depending on a variety of factors. These factors include whether or not the reason the person has a license, whether the person ever had a license, and the person’s age.

Driving without a license starts off as a petty offense. The law considers it a petty offense if the person had a license at one point in the past year, and merely let it lapse. In these cases the law limits the punishment to a $500 fine. If the person’s license expired more than a year ago, or if the driver in question is below the age to get a driver’s license then the law upgrades the crime to a class B misdemeanor. 

Class B misdemeanors can trigger punishments of up to $1,500 in fines, and 180 days in prison. However, jail time for unlicensed driving in this case is uncommon, and judges are allowed to sentence offenders to probation or community service instead. The law may also punish driving without a license as a Class A misdemeanor in the event that the driver committed the offense after the Secretary of State suspended or revoked their license. In these cases, the court may sentence the offender to up to a year in prison, along with $2,500 dollars in fines.

Additionally, people caught driving without a license face more than just criminal sanctions. The Secretary of State will also get involved by suspending their license. License suspensions can last anywhere from two months to a year depending on the number of convictions for driving without a license that a person has received. Also, license suspension affects even those people who never received a driver’s license, since they will be unable to get one for the length of their suspension. Furthermore, after a person’s fifth conviction, the Secretary of State can revoke a person’s driving privileges. In this instance, the state will not allow the person to drive until they have recovered their privileges in a formal hearing.


If you face criminal charges for driving without a license, you do not have to go through the process alone. Contact a Schaumburg criminal defense lawyer today. We serve many northwest suburban areas including Rolling Meadows, Arlington Heights, Barrington, and other nearby communities.

Recent Posts


marijuana crimes attorney residential real estate license Illinois jet ski accident lawyer Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer first degree murder Buffalo Grove law firm Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer Palatine business attorney Palatine law firm revenge porn severance agreements federal crimes Whistleblower Claims FMLA estate planning trusts vacation home fines Illinois corporate lawyer Barrington litigation attorney BUI living trust Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers Buffalo Grove employment lawyer bad faith insurance claims real estate closing federal regulations for LLCs employment lawyer llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association Illinois criminal defense attorney Barrington injury attorney consent to a search construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation personal injury lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance attorney probate claims process drunk driving statistics wills TBI Arlington Heights criminal lawyer Chicago lawyer employment law, Illinois employment laws digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, distracted driving accident victims income distribution deducation Fourth of July contracts Deer Park workers compensation lawyer car crashes mortgage Illinois probate lawyer product liability Schaumburg personal injury lawyer Schaumburg drug defense lawyer Des Plaines pet law attorney living wills wrongful death crossover accidents Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney traffic violations insurance claim denials eluding a police officer back injuries Illinois employment law independent contractor personal injury accidents BAC traffic tickets Chicago biking tips Schaumburg estate attorney involuntary manslaughter internet boating DUI Illinois personal injury attorney landlord IRA trust transfer drug crime Barrington personal injury attorney home inspection lawyer Palatine drug lawyer natural gas Rolling Meadows criminal attorney traffic offenses Schaumburg real estate lawyer Illinois insurance claims lawyers traffic violations defense Rolling Meadows employment law attorney Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer Des Plaines Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute fiduciary rule delay car accident brain injury insurance claims Barrington civil litigation attorney Schaumburg personal injury attorney Palatine personal injury lawyer Illinois employment attorneys Long Grove estate planning attorney Barrington boating accident attorney natural gas explosion real estate attorney real estate speeding murder charges motorcycle accident Inverness real estate lawyer subcontractor texting while driving wills and trusts estate tax Barrington personal injury lawyer Arlington Heights traffic attorney Illinois boating accident lawyer Buffalo Grove traffic attorney Illinois trusts attorney rent to own real estate contracts cell phone Buffalo Grove injury lawyer Palatine punch death Des Plaines personal injury lawyer Palatine employment attorney Deer Park accident attorney Kenilworth estate planning lawyer Barrington workers compensation attorney problem employees unpaid assessment life insurance Rolling Meadows tax attorney real estate contract Barrington criminal defense lawyer Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer Buffalo Grove real estate attorney Thanksgiving real estate lawyer traffic accidents head on collisions deadly crashes Des Plaines tax law firm Arlington Heights injury attorney employees Illinois real estate lawyer Des Plaines drug lawyer Illinois bicycle safety employment attorney DMV Deer Park DUI lawyer Des Plaines insurance attorney insurance disputes pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality Schaumburg estate planning lawyer Mount Prospect elder law attorney child safety Schaumburg wrongful death attorney Mount Prospect real estate lawyer DUI attorney Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer Arlington Heights car accident lawyer pay when paid contract life insurance lawyer Barrington real estate lawyer spinal cord injury Illinois job attorney owner responsibility deed transfer Illinois insurance disputes startup company traumatic brain injuries sexual images Des Plaines collections attorney comparative negligence Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer Inverness DUI lawyer bike accident Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys IRELA Buffalo Grove corporate attorney School Visitation Rights Act car collision Illinois workplace lawyer living trust vs will Illinois insurance attorney IRS Schaumburg construction accident lawyer personal injury law firm Illinois wills and trusts license suspension fatal car accidents anesthesia errors estate planning lawyer pedestrian accident cell phone accidents employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, Schaumburg injury lawyer estate planning for college students Crystal Lake employment lawyer ACA wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace FSLA Illinois employee rights attorney. Illinois traffic attorney Illinois traffic accident lawyer rollover accidents Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission Affordable Care Act insurance denial appeals appealing an insurance claim dealing with problem employees Schaumburg Attorney Deer Park personal injury lawyer Forcible Entry Illinois Sales Representative Act Palatine trusts lawyer Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer Illinois will lawyer health insurance dispute drug possession murder defense Inverness injury lawyer Schaumburg breathalyzer test estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer Rolling Meadows traffic law firm breach of contract Buffalo Grove probate lawyer comp time jet ski Inverness insurance attorney criminal defense traffic laws hands free device Chicago employment attorney caregiver Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney defective products lawyer Barrington drug crime attorney Palatine construction attorney Schaumburg insurance lawyers work unions dog bites ken apicella icy parking lots liability claims bicycle accidents new real estate form insurance claim delay auto accidents medical marijuana truck collisions taxes minimum wage Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer Liquor Control Act insurance attorney Illinois medical malpractice lawyers texting and driving preventing accidents personal injury claim Palatine criminal defense lawyer Arlington Heights lawyer workers compensation meal breaks products liability unpaid overtime Crystal Lake law firm power of attorney Illinois small business Self-Directed IRA Accounts small business underage DUI job lawyers DGAA Rolling Meadows business lawyer Illinois attorney Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm Schaumburg criminal law attorney Deer Park employment law attorney Employment Discrimination Law condo association Illinois workers compensation lawyer Arlington Heights accident attorney jet ski accidents Landlord Tenant Ordinance healthcare claims wage theft overtime pay healthcare Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers in terrorem provision dynasty trusts criminal Barrington estate planning lawyer employee misclassification Detainer Actions changes to mortgage law elder abuse Rolling Meadows gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys employment contract paid sick leave elder law DNR Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, advance healthcare directive Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer Deer Park medical malpractice attorney DUI defense Long Grove real estate lawyer Illinois traffic laws Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer irrevocable trust Crystal Lake insurance lawyer Palatine employment lawyer agent sexual harassment Des Plaines real estate attorney digital evidence estate planning Schaumburg elder law lawyer probate process food poisoning pregnant women Chicago corporate attorney LLCs slip and fall accidents license reinstatement insurance claim real estate attorneys Illinois elder law attorney Palatine employment law lawyer Illinois medical malpractice attorney Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer Illinois car accident attorney Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer Chicago estate planning lawyer license revocation suspended license Illinois workplace discrimination attorney GM ignition switches Long Grove estate planning attorneys car accident lawyer boating accidents Des Plaines claims law firm forming a corporation in Illinois right to work drunk driving boating under the influence civil litigation Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Exclusions Crystal Lake injury attorney pet bites Arlington Heights car crash attorneys nursing home negligence criminal law Palatine corporate law attorneys Barrington business law firm Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Illinois DUI attorney Crystal Lake employment law attorney loopholes car crash surgical mistakes guardianship attorney Illinois mortgages Crystal Lake car accident lawyer Illinois pedestrian accident attorney Home Remodeling Repair Act Chicago employment lawyer Des Plaines DUI attorney Inverness real estate attorney medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer installment contracts Palatine insurance lawyer college kids Barrington employment law firm social media after death Illinois tax attorney employee rights trusts rumble strips Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Deer Park traffic lawyer Illinois trucking safety creditors Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers life insurance policy Rolling Meadows probate lawyer slip and fall Illinois defective products attorney Schaumburg criminal attorney Illinois rollover accident lawyers hiring employees Illinois Human Rights Act denied insurance claim Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Deer Park criminal attorney insurance agents Arlington Heights employment law attorneys Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Barrington medical malpractice lawyers caretaker rights defective products Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer Policy Cancellation civil rights violation Crystal Lake traffic attorney Illinois red light cameras manufacturing clemency Des Plaines civil attorney Home Sale Contingencies South Barrington real estate attorney medical malpractice Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers Illinois lawyer foreclosed rental property Illinois insurance dispute lawyers Illinois estate planning attorney fiduciary rule criminal record CAM Illinois living will Jay Andrew Illinois employment lawyer Barrington criminal lawyer Illinois home inspection Chicago attorney Illinois medical malpractice claim Des Plaines accident attorney denied insurance claims Illinois wrongful termination lawyer South Barrington real estate lawyer pedestrian-automobile accident DUI penalities Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer business litigation Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Barrington estate planning attorney Crystal Lake personal injury attorney Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Schaumburg employment law attorneys construction contracts probate Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers institutional trustee low-ball insurance settlement ObamaCare Des Plaines personal injury lawyers Deer Park real estate law firm traffic deaths accidental death benefits wrongful termination holiday statistics compensatory time Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers PTSD Illinois workers compensation attorney privacy laws Illinois Smoke Detector Act insurance agent negligence denial of life insurance bicycle dooring accidents pet law Long Grove estate planning privacy Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney Illinois business law atorneys Illinois personal injury golf accidents traumatic brain injury underfunded trust Inverness personal injury attorney controlled substance Chicago car accident lawyer Illinois medical malpractice case dram shop law Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys Chicago insurance claim attorneys Palatine workers compensation lawyer Class A misdemeanor Illinois estate planning law firm Chicago estate planning Illinois law Crystal Lake employment attorney Arlington Heights insurance attorney Do Not Resuscitate Schaumburg personal injury lawyers Des Plaines real estate lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers overtime violations life insurance claims Schaumburg corporate attorney filing a medical malpractice claim Chicago insurance law firm Arlington Heights trucking lawyer Schaumburg traffic lawyer Crystal Lake accident attorney financial advisors Inverness elder law lawyer Arlington Heights real estate lawyer medical malpractice claims swimming pools Transfer on Death Instrument trust payments Schaumburg car accident attorney Inverness corporate attorney operating agreements unfunded trust insurance dispute Inverness civil lawyer digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers traffic crimes marijuana Illinois employment laws Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers probate lawyer insurance claim dispute attorney trench injuries Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents vacation home reckless homicide Palatine probate lawyer drug crimes lawyer civil litigation attorney Palatine Attorney employment law Palatine civil litigation lawyer Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act trustee capital gains tax Illinois estate planning murder Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer Illinois business lawyer Arlington Heights TBI attorney estate attorney insurance negligence employee discrimination Palatine injury attorney Barrington employment attorney personal injury Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer medical research Illinois employment law attorney insurance claim dispute Illinois pet lawyer preventable medical errors insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys Mt Prospect Attorney Illinois registered agent Des Plaines injury law firm commercial leasing fault based insurance power of attorney for healthcare Kenilworth estate planning attorneys liens Rolling Meadows real estate attorney Fair Labor Standards Act BAIID Illinois Crystal Lake tax lawyer estate plan digital assets blood alcohol content Palatine traffic lawyer Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument Des Plaines criminal attorney drugs digital information Palatine civil attorney Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Schaumburg probate attorney special needs trust Illinois personal injury lawyers workplace sexual harassment trucking accident lawyers rollover car crashes Schaumburg employment attorney Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney insurance denials Illinois collections attorney Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Des Plaines personal injury attorney Arlington Heights employment attorney Crystal Lake will lawyer Rolling Meadows employment attorney Inverness probate lawyer Super Mario Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act Attorney Ken Apicella Illinois injury lawyer Retaliatory Discharge probate fees gift taxes liability Illinois traffic attorneys Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers IRA benefits senior citizens field sobriety test DUI Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys no contest clauses insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys automated cars pizza emoji Palatine real estate lawyer Inverness traffic law firm Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Illinois LLC creation Crystal Lake business law attorneys Arlington Heights Attorney foreclosure commercial leases Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney Illinois driving without license Crystal Lake pet attorney workers comp Rolling Meadows accident lawyer personal injury attorney Chicago will attorney attorney fees spinal cord injuries cell phone tower data Chicago trucking accident attorney workers compensation benefits Illinois Trust Code trauma after an accident personal injury claims car crash injuries employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys Rolling Meadows Attorney personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys expungement underinsured motorist drug crimes Illinois construction accident attorney insurance claim denial insurance adjusters distracted driving accidents Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorney Crystal Lake car accident attorney Palatine estate planning lawyer Illinois personal injury lawyer premises liability unauthorized overtime Barrington Traffic Lawyer trucking accidents living trust benefits Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer rest breaks Schaumburg estate planning attorney insurance dispute attorney Illinois employment law firm investment property Palatine traffic accidents Illinois traffic ticket lawyer Inverness estate planning lawyer Illinois employment law attorneys Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney pedestrian accidents car accidents real estate leasing Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers probate claims uninsured motorist Long Grove real estate attorney POA Colin H. Gilbert Illinois real estate blended families Illinois insurance lawyer sole proprietorship corporate law estate planning attorney Deer Park traffic accident attorney Chicago traffic lawyer homestead rights hit and run accident loss of consortium Inverness accident lawyer disability benefits landlord tenant law Rolling Meadows traffic attorney driving Arlington Heights tax lawyer Illinois civil litigation lawyer medical malpractice compensation car accident lawyers Colin Gilbert whistleblower protections mass shooting Palatine corporate attorney Illinois insurance claim attorney Illinois speeding lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury attorney Barrington employment law attorney Barrington attorney Illinois Probate Act of 1975 condo Family Medical Leave Act construction accidents commercial real estate Legal Info real estate zoning Palatine elder law attorney modern family estate planning pain and suffering medication errors motorcycle accident lawyer Joliet general practice lawyers tax attorney