DGAA bLAWg

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.


Recent Posts


Tags

workers compensation probate fees Schaumburg construction accident lawyer Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney dog bites preventable medical errors Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer denied insurance claims Inverness real estate lawyer senior citizens Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act healthcare claims boating under the influence Illinois insurance attorney surgical mistakes revenge porn slip and fall accidents traumatic brain injuries Illinois probate lawyer caregiver liens Inverness injury lawyer insurance claim dispute real estate IRS living trust privacy laws Rolling Meadows insurance attorney Barrington criminal lawyer Chicago car accident lawyer traffic offenses real estate zoning field sobriety test Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer murder charges Des Plaines injury law firm estate planning for college students Illinois criminal defense attorney Rolling Meadows probate lawyer Des Plaines tax law firm Illinois real estate lawyer Illinois personal injury lawyer insurance agent negligence Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys trust payments pay when paid contract Chicago estate planning lawyer Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer motorcycle accident insurance negligence Illinois living will Mt Prospect Attorney Chicago lawyer automated cars Illinois tax attorney Illinois small business estate plan Rolling Meadows criminal attorney Long Grove estate planning comp time federal regulations for LLCs Schaumburg real estate lawyer Illinois estate planning attorney Illinois traffic attorneys estate planning BAIID condo association car accident Schaumburg estate planning attorney Des Plaines real estate attorney drug crime no contest clauses involuntary manslaughter trusts Arlington Heights TBI attorney Inverness probate lawyer personal injury accidents Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers Arlington Heights injury attorney underage DUI Palatine estate planning lawyer Illinois construction accident attorney medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers small business Illinois speeding lawyer workplace sexual harassment unfunded trust Schaumburg employment attorney Illinois Sales Representative Act natural gas brain injury commercial leases Policy Cancellation home inspection lawyer anesthesia errors irrevocable trust Long Grove real estate attorney real estate attorney Illinois workplace discrimination attorney Inverness real estate attorney Arlington Heights employment law attorneys DGAA Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Illinois employment law attorneys insurance disputes coronavirus life insurance claims Illinois bicycle safety murder Buffalo Grove injury lawyer owner responsibility crossover accidents Illinois workplace lawyer Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer liability claims Illinois pedestrian accident attorney preventing accidents Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer medication errors Des Plaines Palatine Attorney construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation Chicago insurance claim attorneys insurance denials Illinois trusts attorney tax attorney Arlington Heights employment attorney insurance agents wills Illinois traffic accident lawyer Schaumburg estate planning lawyer comparative negligence traffic tickets landlord speeding Illinois red light cameras breathalyzer test Forcible Entry insurance claims filing a medical malpractice claim Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers employee rights IRELA natural gas explosion Palatine probate lawyer traffic deaths Barrington employment law attorney Illinois traffic attorney Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney Illinois medical malpractice claim Arlington Heights traffic attorney dynasty trusts traffic accidents golf accidents Colin H. Gilbert Rolling Meadows traffic attorney drunk driving statistics probate claims modern family estate planning probate process Schaumburg pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, personal injury claim Palatine employment law lawyer construction contracts Barrington injury attorney trench injuries caretaker rights low-ball insurance settlement investment property gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys Des Plaines accident attorney Rolling Meadows employment attorney marijuana crimes attorney underfunded trust bicycle dooring accidents car collision breach of contract Arlington Heights accident attorney Buffalo Grove real estate attorney homestead rights denial of life insurance problem employees fault based insurance Home Remodeling Repair Act insurance claim denial Barrington Traffic Lawyer Chicago trucking accident attorney cell phone accidents in terrorem provision Barrington workers compensation attorney Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers Illinois business lawyer real estate leasing criminal law Schaumburg probate attorney Mount Prospect elder law attorney Whistleblower Claims probate DMV unauthorized overtime Illinois rollover accident lawyers Illinois civil litigation lawyer Barrington attorney foreclosed rental property pregnant women Deer Park criminal attorney swimming pools Arlington Heights insurance attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney health insurance dispute personal injury lawyer boating DUI subcontractor Palatine injury attorney controlled substance insurance claim license suspension living wills insurance attorney Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers defective products lawyer Illinois registered agent Crystal Lake pet attorney Crystal Lake traffic attorney Rolling Meadows business lawyer Des Plaines personal injury attorney Illinois elder law attorney Attorney Ken Apicella Illinois personal injury Inverness estate planning lawyer consent to a search criminal record Rolling Meadows real estate attorney Crystal Lake will lawyer products liability medical malpractice Barrington litigation attorney trucking accidents Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys Schaumburg personal injury lawyers CAM Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer medical research Crystal Lake injury attorney Buffalo Grove probate lawyer Palatine corporate law attorneys hands free device Illinois wrongful termination lawyer cell phone tower data rumble strips Chicago traffic lawyer Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer personal injury attorney Do Not Resuscitate Super Mario pedestrian accidents Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorney Chicago insurance law firm marijuana Arlington Heights criminal lawyer Fair Labor Standards Act Illinois pet lawyer probate claims process vacation home Deer Park medical malpractice attorney car crashes Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Long Grove estate planning attorneys Palatine punch death car accident lawyer Barrington employment law firm elder abuse Inverness personal injury attorney Deer Park personal injury lawyer Crystal Lake accident attorney estate tax digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, Illinois personal injury attorney Arlington Heights Attorney Crystal Lake personal injury attorney Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer employee discrimination auto accidents Des Plaines DUI attorney Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney premises liability license revocation dram shop law Illinois insurance claims lawyers hit and run accident Illinois Smoke Detector Act Palatine business attorney Illinois Trust Code Deer Park DUI lawyer fiduciary rule car accidents accidental death benefits Palatine personal injury lawyer Chicago estate planning Schaumburg insurance lawyers Chicago corporate attorney Schaumburg traffic lawyer workers comp traffic violations defense job lawyers real estate contract Illinois insurance claim attorney employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, first degree murder mortgage Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer traumatic brain injury Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer business litigation bad faith insurance claims real estate lawyer Illinois wills and trusts TBI insurance claim delay wrongful death DUI defense installment contracts Illinois insurance lawyer Buffalo Grove traffic attorney employment law, Illinois employment laws Kenilworth estate planning lawyer digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Liquor Control Act Illinois boating accident lawyer Illinois employment law distracted driving accident victims pizza emoji Schaumburg personal injury lawyer Palatine workers compensation lawyer pet law Long Grove real estate lawyer Palatine real estate lawyer Chicago employment lawyer disability benefits Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Illinois employee rights attorney. Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Schaumburg personal injury attorney traffic crimes drugs Transfer on Death Instrument Arlington Heights tax lawyer hiring employees foreclosure Illinois law personal injury law firm income distribution deducation Illinois employment attorneys child safety Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument BUI drunk driving Palatine civil attorney Arlington Heights car accident lawyer real estate closing special needs trust medical malpractice compensation Long Grove estate planning attorney Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorneys Inverness corporate attorney food poisoning Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Retaliatory Discharge Schaumburg drug defense lawyer Inverness DUI lawyer Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney sole proprietorship Illinois defective products attorney Barrington business law firm murder defense commercial real estate condo Illinois corporate lawyer criminal defense Barrington real estate lawyer head on collisions car crash injuries Arlington Heights personal injury attorney Chicago attorney car crash Deer Park traffic lawyer probate lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer Schaumburg injury lawyer Crystal Lake insurance lawyer employment lawyer Barrington personal injury lawyer Exclusions Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Illinois jet ski accident lawyer wage theft Illinois trucking safety Palatine elder law attorney eluding a police officer Barrington civil litigation attorney compensatory time Deer Park traffic accident attorney South Barrington real estate attorney capital gains tax POA employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys ken apicella corporate law Illinois Probate Act of 1975 traffic violations Schaumburg corporate attorney construction accidents Barrington medical malpractice lawyers contracts traffic laws estate attorney trucking accident lawyers Illinois real estate Des Plaines insurance attorney Jay Andrew jet ski IRA benefits LLCs medical marijuana FSLA defective products appealing an insurance claim blended families agent suspended license Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers Des Plaines civil attorney spinal cord injury Home Sale Contingencies Palatine insurance lawyer Inverness traffic law firm Palatine criminal defense lawyer blood alcohol content civil rights violation Schaumburg elder law lawyer employee misclassification wills and trusts workers compensation benefits Palatine traffic lawyer Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney clemency Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer landlord tenant law Des Plaines drug lawyer Family Medical Leave Act creditors attorney fees sexual harassment life insurance Schaumburg employment law attorneys estate planning attorney Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer civil litigation attorney social media after death DUI drug crimes lawyer personal injury claims Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys Barrington boating accident attorney rollover accidents Rolling Meadows tax attorney Self-Directed IRA Accounts Illinois job attorney taxes Illinois employment lawyer Illinois driving without license liability Palatine employment lawyer federal crimes llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association Schaumburg Attorney pedestrian-automobile accident boating accidents Des Plaines personal injury lawyers Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers Schaumburg car accident attorney college kids Buffalo Grove corporate attorney Illinois business law atorneys residential real estate Rolling Meadows traffic law firm Affordable Care Act right to work Illinois collections attorney South Barrington real estate lawyer dealing with problem employees nursing home negligence drug crimes estate planning lawyer IRA trust transfer Schaumburg estate attorney Rolling Meadows employment law attorney Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney pet bites Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney employment attorney underinsured motorist FMLA Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Crystal Lake car accident lawyer Illinois workers compensation attorney Detainer Actions Arlington Heights car crash attorneys Illinois medical malpractice case jet ski accidents rest breaks Barrington employment attorney Palatine trusts lawyer work unions Thanksgiving Inverness accident lawyer Crystal Lake car accident attorney startup company Illinois insurance disputes Des Plaines criminal attorney Crystal Lake employment law attorney deed transfer loss of consortium insurance dispute Buffalo Grove employment lawyer elder law texting and driving independent contractor power of attorney ACA Inverness elder law lawyer insurance adjusters Illinois traffic laws internet icy parking lots trauma after an accident institutional trustee Arlington Heights lawyer meal breaks Chicago biking tips Des Plaines personal injury lawyer texting while driving gift taxes Schaumburg criminal law attorney overtime violations Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers sexual images drug possession Arlington Heights real estate lawyer guardianship attorney Crystal Lake employment lawyer Class A misdemeanor Arlington Heights trucking lawyer truck collisions Barrington criminal defense lawyer Illinois Human Rights Act motorcycle accident lawyer Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Rolling Meadows accident lawyer medical malpractice claims Illinois car accident attorney spinal cord injuries Fourth of July Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers Illinois estate planning Legal Info criminal Palatine construction attorney fiduciary rule delay unpaid assessment Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Illinois medical malpractice attorney operating agreements Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm Mount Prospect real estate lawyer Des Plaines claims law firm Barrington personal injury attorney Inverness insurance attorney severance agreements Deer Park employment law attorney Des Plaines pet law attorney Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers estate planning trusts Deer Park accident attorney expungement Barrington estate planning attorney personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents driving Illinois home inspection School Visitation Rights Act Rolling Meadows Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute Inverness civil lawyer Colin Gilbert advance healthcare directive Palatine drug lawyer pain and suffering forming a corporation in Illinois rent to own real estate contracts Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer insurance dispute attorney real estate attorneys employment contract digital information mass shooting manufacturing Illinois lawyer paid sick leave car accident lawyers wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace DUI attorney Illinois injury lawyer Illinois Palatine traffic accidents Palatine law firm cell phone Illinois insurance dispute lawyers living trust benefits new real estate form Illinois estate planning law firm Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act Des Plaines real estate lawyer DUI penalities unpaid overtime Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney Crystal Lake tax lawyer uninsured motorist employment law trustee bicycle accidents Crystal Lake employment attorney Landlord Tenant Ordinance Des Plaines collections attorney license insurance claim denials insurance claim dispute attorney estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, ObamaCare GM ignition switches Joliet general practice lawyers bike accident vacation home fines healthcare license reinstatement product liability Chicago employment attorney Schaumburg criminal attorney insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys personal injury rollover car crashes denied insurance claim distracted driving accidents Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer Illinois medical malpractice lawyers Illinois workers compensation lawyer Buffalo Grove law firm Palatine corporate attorney fatal car accidents digital assets Illinois attorney deadly crashes wrongful termination whistleblower protections life insurance policy insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys slip and fall reckless homicide DNR Illinois personal injury lawyers holiday statistics minimum wage Chicago will attorney BAC Deer Park workers compensation lawyer Palatine civil litigation lawyer overtime pay Illinois traffic ticket lawyer Barrington estate planning lawyer Palatine employment attorney life insurance lawyer Illinois LLC creation Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers Schaumburg wrongful death attorney Rolling Meadows Attorney loopholes Illinois DUI attorney Barrington drug crime attorney financial advisors insurance denial appeals civil litigation privacy back injuries employees Illinois employment law firm Crystal Lake business law attorneys living trust vs will pedestrian accident Illinois employment laws Deer Park real estate law firm Illinois employment law attorney Employment Discrimination Law changes to mortgage law digital evidence Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer commercial leasing Crystal Lake law firm Illinois mortgages Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission power of attorney for healthcare PTSD Illinois will lawyer

Archive