DGAA bLAWg

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.


Recent Posts


Tags

Des Plaines injury law firm Deer Park criminal attorney Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer Des Plaines accident attorney Retaliatory Discharge Des Plaines real estate attorney Illinois speeding lawyer life insurance lawyer life insurance first degree murder Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm Illinois wrongful termination lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer employees Kenilworth estate planning lawyer Illinois business lawyer construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation real estate attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer disability benefits insurance claims Inverness probate lawyer Liquor Control Act Crystal Lake tax lawyer Palatine civil attorney Rolling Meadows insurance attorney Illinois insurance attorney Mt Prospect Attorney Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer DUI defense Illinois employment attorneys Illinois insurance lawyer Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act Home Sale Contingencies construction accidents Palatine elder law attorney business litigation federal crimes wrongful death Schaumburg insurance lawyers Inverness DUI lawyer Forcible Entry Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument DUI attorney Fourth of July Colin H. Gilbert Illinois employee rights attorney. insurance claim dispute Crystal Lake car accident attorney probate process probate claims boating DUI advance healthcare directive bicycle accidents bicycle dooring accidents IRS Des Plaines personal injury attorney pay when paid contract civil litigation attorney slip and fall accidents estate planning attorney Chicago car accident lawyer Chicago will attorney Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Deer Park workers compensation lawyer Schaumburg probate attorney Des Plaines personal injury lawyer real estate zoning Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers car accident Schaumburg Attorney Inverness real estate attorney Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission PTSD expungement auto accidents Arlington Heights real estate lawyer car accident lawyer Inverness elder law lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers contracts Deer Park medical malpractice attorney Class A misdemeanor workplace sexual harassment personal injury law firm employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, Rolling Meadows criminal record boating accidents Palatine traffic lawyer appealing an insurance claim Illinois corporate lawyer Des Plaines drug lawyer motorcycle accident lawyer personal injury lawyer unauthorized overtime Policy Cancellation loss of consortium workers compensation rent to own real estate contracts Schaumburg construction accident lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Illinois bicycle safety medical malpractice compensation Illinois lawyer surgical mistakes probate lawyer texting while driving trauma after an accident Legal Info paid sick leave Inverness insurance attorney rollover car crashes Chicago employment lawyer automated cars Buffalo Grove injury lawyer wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace pet bites Barrington attorney Schaumburg wrongful death attorney breathalyzer test commercial leases loopholes Illinois employment law firm DNR Palatine drug lawyer Illinois DUI attorney medical research Inverness personal injury attorney Palatine punch death problem employees Palatine personal injury lawyer dog bites deadly crashes Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers workers comp Illinois Buffalo Grove corporate attorney Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers life insurance claims comp time low-ball insurance settlement Illinois Human Rights Act Illinois law suspended license modern family estate planning Barrington business law firm denial of life insurance BAC Arlington Heights Attorney underinsured motorist Illinois car accident attorney Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Chicago trucking accident attorney Palatine law firm Illinois attorney Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer anesthesia errors Palatine civil litigation lawyer slip and fall Crystal Lake employment attorney CAM traffic violations defense Palatine injury attorney POA Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer startup company living trust vs will Arlington Heights TBI attorney Illinois medical malpractice lawyers Palatine corporate law attorneys sexual harassment Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer pet law School Visitation Rights Act texting and driving overtime pay golf accidents civil rights violation Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer defective products lawyer Deer Park DUI lawyer power of attorney for healthcare motorcycle accident comparative negligence living trust elder abuse Inverness injury lawyer caregiver bad faith insurance claims fatal car accidents Barrington medical malpractice lawyers South Barrington real estate attorney Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer Illinois business law atorneys Crystal Lake traffic attorney Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys Crystal Lake insurance lawyer rollover accidents traffic deaths rumble strips criminal new real estate form Arlington Heights lawyer Schaumburg injury lawyer Inverness accident lawyer Crystal Lake will lawyer Rolling Meadows business lawyer Mount Prospect real estate lawyer Schaumburg corporate attorney probate fees medical malpractice liens Affordable Care Act boating under the influence Palatine corporate attorney Arlington Heights accident attorney Rolling Meadows tax attorney vacation home fines Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney jet ski accidents murder charges liability estate planning lawyer product liability Illinois insurance claim attorney dram shop law Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys traumatic brain injuries Colin Gilbert Barrington estate planning attorney Illinois employment law attorneys Illinois employment lawyer Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer Des Plaines collections attorney controlled substance Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Inverness estate planning lawyer Illinois personal injury lawyer Chicago insurance claim attorneys Chicago corporate attorney overtime violations FMLA Des Plaines claims law firm small business Rolling Meadows traffic attorney personal injury claims Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Schaumburg personal injury attorney Illinois small business cell phone tower data Arlington Heights tax lawyer digital evidence Barrington personal injury attorney wills and trusts insurance dispute attorney Illinois traffic attorney child safety Illinois probate lawyer Home Remodeling Repair Act Chicago insurance law firm Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney holiday statistics Buffalo Grove law firm drug crime Long Grove real estate attorney trench injuries Palatine real estate lawyer estate planning Inverness real estate lawyer Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act fault based insurance car crashes DUI Kenilworth estate planning attorneys estate plan estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, estate attorney Des Plaines DUI attorney Illinois medical malpractice claim Attorney Ken Apicella drugs BUI pedestrian-automobile accident drug crimes Crystal Lake employment lawyer Employment Discrimination Law Illinois Sales Representative Act Schaumburg real estate lawyer living wills traumatic brain injury Illinois wills and trusts attorneys insurance denial appeals probate Transfer on Death Instrument power of attorney car collision Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers premises liability icy parking lots Illinois real estate personal injury accidents employment law, Illinois employment laws preventable medical errors manufacturing Mount Prospect elder law attorney digital assets Arlington Heights injury attorney Des Plaines personal injury lawyers insurance claim delay Illinois workplace discrimination attorney brain injury operating agreements Illinois elder law attorney Super Mario murder bike accident elder law Illinois insurance claims lawyers pain and suffering right to work Rolling Meadows employment law attorney reckless homicide Illinois estate planning attorney drug crimes lawyer pregnant women Fair Labor Standards Act medical marijuana unfunded trust real estate Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer Rolling Meadows Attorney distracted driving accidents sexual images Illinois personal injury lawyers workers compensation benefits DUI penalities denied insurance claims Deer Park traffic lawyer insurance claim denials Illinois pedestrian accident attorney Illinois medical malpractice case living trust benefits cell phone Whistleblower Claims insurance attorney preventing accidents Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer blended families llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association wage theft traffic violations Crystal Lake traffic lawyer no contest clauses employee rights Arlington Heights car accident lawyer investment property car accidents insurance adjusters work unions whistleblower protections marijuana murder defense Illinois pet lawyer Deer Park real estate law firm commercial real estate Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers Palatine trusts lawyer Deer Park accident attorney Illinois employment laws changes to mortgage law Illinois real estate lawyer Buffalo Grove probate lawyer Arlington Heights employment law attorneys Illinois Trust Code Illinois medical malpractice attorney Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer underfunded trust Family Medical Leave Act Illinois workers compensation attorney social media after death involuntary manslaughter car crash cell phone accidents hit and run accident sole proprietorship insurance claim Illinois workers compensation lawyer accidental death benefits real estate lawyer car accident lawyers coronavirus Inverness corporate attorney Barrington civil litigation attorney Illinois trusts attorney Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney distracted driving accident victims Arlington Heights insurance attorney insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys mass shooting driving Schaumburg elder law lawyer Illinois estate planning law firm pedestrian accident Rolling Meadows employment attorney Rolling Meadows probate lawyer Crystal Lake personal injury attorney Illinois civil litigation lawyer taxes employee discrimination field sobriety test insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys head on collisions Crystal Lake law firm eluding a police officer Self-Directed IRA Accounts Palatine business attorney Illinois home inspection tax attorney Thanksgiving Des Plaines civil attorney wrongful termination Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer Illinois Probate Act of 1975 Illinois traffic laws landlord revenge porn Arlington Heights trucking lawyer insurance dispute traffic accidents attorney fees swimming pools trucking accidents unpaid overtime nursing home negligence insurance claim denial independent contractor digital information Palatine construction attorney construction contracts spinal cord injuries digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Long Grove estate planning attorneys privacy Buffalo Grove traffic attorney medication errors car crash injuries Illinois injury lawyer Palatine criminal defense lawyer Arlington Heights employment attorney Palatine probate lawyer Jay Andrew Schaumburg civil litigation attorney life insurance policy Arlington Heights car crash attorneys Illinois defective products attorney Schaumburg traffic lawyer owner responsibility Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys Chicago employment attorney traffic offenses Landlord Tenant Ordinance Schaumburg estate planning lawyer Barrington injury attorney Illinois traffic ticket lawyer meal breaks trust payments Crystal Lake business law attorneys natural gas Barrington workers compensation attorney drunk driving statistics Illinois job attorney Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer guardianship attorney Barrington criminal defense lawyer Long Grove estate planning Chicago traffic lawyer Barrington Traffic Lawyer Schaumburg employment law attorneys employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer Illinois rollover accident lawyers Barrington boating accident attorney denied insurance claim federal regulations for LLCs Schaumburg personal injury lawyers natural gas explosion Illinois criminal defense attorney unpaid assessment hiring employees Buffalo Grove employment lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney Long Grove real estate lawyer jet ski insurance agent negligence health insurance dispute criminal law Illinois traffic attorneys special needs trust senior citizens GM ignition switches Palatine estate planning lawyer real estate closing BAIID hands free device Do Not Resuscitate ACA estate planning for college students Barrington litigation attorney Illinois mortgages Inverness traffic law firm drug possession employee misclassification healthcare trusts commercial leasing Illinois estate planning deed transfer Barrington drug crime attorney Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers back injuries insurance claim dispute attorney healthcare claims financial advisors Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers Schaumburg personal injury claim DGAA products liability Rolling Meadows real estate attorney Rolling Meadows criminal attorney Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers clemency employment attorney insurance agents Chicago biking tips Illinois wills and trusts trustee Inverness civil lawyer installment contracts job lawyers breach of contract personal injury license reinstatement Illinois jet ski accident lawyer spinal cord injury Chicago attorney college kids homestead rights Chicago estate planning lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys blood alcohol content real estate leasing mortgage Deer Park personal injury lawyer fiduciary rule defective products LLCs Illinois registered agent Crystal Lake injury attorney income distribution deducation Joliet general practice lawyers Illinois red light cameras caretaker rights Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney Arlington Heights traffic attorney dynasty trusts Illinois Smoke Detector Act TBI Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer Schaumburg drug defense lawyer Des Plaines criminal attorney Arlington Heights criminal lawyer Palatine employment attorney Illinois employment law irrevocable trust Illinois workplace lawyer Des Plaines pet law attorney Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer Palatine workers compensation lawyer Barrington employment attorney license suspension Crystal Lake employment law attorney Illinois LLC creation insurance denials Palatine employment lawyer Illinois collections attorney Illinois insurance disputes Crystal Lake accident attorney Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer Schaumburg estate attorney Crystal Lake car accident lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorney employment law Illinois tax attorney condo association drunk driving Des Plaines real estate lawyer agent ObamaCare DMV civil litigation Illinois personal injury landlord tenant law estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers criminal defense rest breaks Illinois traffic accident lawyer Palatine employment law lawyer Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys Chicago lawyer Schaumburg employment attorney vacation home Des Plaines foreclosure internet Illinois living will Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Palatine Attorney employment lawyer real estate contract Illinois construction accident attorney insurance negligence Schaumburg car accident attorney IRA benefits Barrington estate planning lawyer Palatine insurance lawyer Schaumburg personal injury lawyer Deer Park employment law attorney filing a medical malpractice claim Illinois employment law attorney foreclosed rental property Long Grove estate planning attorney Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer estate planning trusts Detainer Actions license forming a corporation in Illinois Palatine traffic accidents fiduciary rule delay Schaumburg criminal attorney medical malpractice claims privacy laws Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney trucking accident lawyers Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Deer Park traffic accident attorney marijuana crimes attorney insurance disputes corporate law liability claims employment contract Des Plaines tax law firm Arlington Heights personal injury attorney Illinois driving without license Crystal Lake pet attorney Des Plaines insurance attorney Exclusions Chicago estate planning severance agreements license revocation dealing with problem employees wills real estate attorneys Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney speeding residential real estate IRELA personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows accident lawyer IRA trust transfer institutional trustee Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer home inspection lawyer truck collisions Illinois trucking safety Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Illinois will lawyer Illinois personal injury attorney condo Barrington employment law attorney traffic crimes Rolling Meadows traffic law firm creditors crossover accidents estate tax Barrington real estate lawyer compensatory time gift taxes food poisoning traffic laws Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer consent to a search Barrington personal injury lawyer Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys subcontractor Schaumburg estate planning attorney minimum wage pedestrian accidents pizza emoji digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, FSLA Buffalo Grove real estate attorney probate claims process Barrington employment law firm ken apicella uninsured motorist Barrington criminal lawyer Illinois boating accident lawyer capital gains tax in terrorem provision underage DUI Schaumburg criminal law attorney Illinois insurance dispute lawyers South Barrington real estate lawyer traffic tickets

Archive