DGAA bLAWg

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.


Recent Posts


Tags

blood alcohol content loopholes Schaumburg personal injury lawyer Inverness civil lawyer Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission Illinois traffic laws Schaumburg probate attorney Chicago car accident lawyer sexual images Arlington Heights injury attorney mortgage insurance adjusters Schaumburg corporate attorney rumble strips Long Grove estate planning insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys hiring employees Illinois medical malpractice claim Rolling Meadows traffic attorney Illinois employment law liability claims Inverness insurance attorney Des Plaines pet law attorney Palatine punch death unauthorized overtime overtime violations breathalyzer test Chicago insurance claim attorneys Palatine workers compensation lawyer denial of life insurance South Barrington real estate attorney Palatine Attorney Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Palatine injury attorney Palatine corporate attorney health insurance dispute Illinois insurance lawyer probate claims process Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney license Des Plaines claims law firm Illinois insurance claims lawyers Chicago biking tips Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute Do Not Resuscitate consent to a search condo association field sobriety test insurance denial appeals gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys forming a corporation in Illinois Crystal Lake accident attorney Crystal Lake business law attorneys probate claims wage theft IRS Illinois law unfunded trust digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Chicago estate planning Illinois trusts attorney Rolling Meadows criminal attorney dog bites construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation license suspension DMV estate planning lawyer Crystal Lake pet attorney ACA employee discrimination Buffalo Grove corporate attorney employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys motorcycle accident lawyer Palatine traffic accidents Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer involuntary manslaughter pedestrian-automobile accident Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Illinois jet ski accident lawyer drunk driving Illinois workers compensation lawyer Des Plaines accident attorney license revocation workers compensation benefits Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers drug possession digital assets Inverness real estate lawyer meal breaks Deer Park criminal attorney Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument Legal Info social media after death Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney insurance claim denial Arlington Heights personal injury attorney Illinois elder law attorney Illinois insurance disputes real estate leasing trucking accidents Des Plaines personal injury lawyers surgical mistakes Arlington Heights car accident lawyer Buffalo Grove law firm boating DUI modern family estate planning Barrington business law firm hit and run accident Arlington Heights Attorney trusts cell phone tower data natural gas Illinois insurance attorney Illinois speeding lawyer Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers rent to own real estate contracts Des Plaines collections attorney real estate attorneys Schaumburg elder law lawyer car accident lawyers caretaker rights special needs trust Arlington Heights accident attorney Illinois employment law attorney Crystal Lake employment law attorney Long Grove real estate attorney Illinois construction accident attorney Illinois collections attorney Palatine real estate lawyer insurance claims driving Palatine elder law attorney Illinois driving without license Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer Forcible Entry slip and fall accidents personal injury claims Illinois business law atorneys Barrington civil litigation attorney Illinois traffic attorneys living wills Illinois workplace discrimination attorney foreclosure Chicago trucking accident attorney power of attorney for healthcare Barrington personal injury lawyer insurance denials Illinois mortgages Rolling Meadows business lawyer Barrington medical malpractice lawyers Deer Park workers compensation lawyer estate planning trusts Rolling Meadows traffic law firm Illinois personal injury lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorney car accidents DUI Employment Discrimination Law traumatic brain injury in terrorem provision traffic violations defense Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Palatine civil litigation lawyer Arlington Heights car crash attorneys Buffalo Grove employment lawyer car crash injuries South Barrington real estate lawyer Liquor Control Act distracted driving accidents traffic tickets wrongful death Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Schaumburg construction accident lawyer Inverness injury lawyer Palatine personal injury lawyer products liability Illinois boating accident lawyer spinal cord injuries Arlington Heights employment attorney pain and suffering Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer appealing an insurance claim no contest clauses wrongful termination Rolling Meadows insurance attorney Landlord Tenant Ordinance probate fees car accident investment property Des Plaines DUI attorney homestead rights healthcare claims Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney rest breaks Des Plaines personal injury lawyer dealing with problem employees construction accidents controlled substance estate attorney Arlington Heights criminal lawyer traffic deaths bicycle dooring accidents insurance attorney Palatine employment attorney workers comp Barrington personal injury attorney installment contracts life insurance boating under the influence Crystal Lake law firm pedestrian accidents insurance claim denials Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Rolling Meadows tax attorney DGAA civil litigation attorney Illinois criminal defense attorney uninsured motorist Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer problem employees FMLA living trust vs will Crystal Lake employment lawyer food poisoning Inverness estate planning lawyer drug crimes Illinois estate planning manufacturing Illinois DUI attorney Des Plaines civil attorney Des Plaines personal injury attorney first degree murder Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney employment contract Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer Illinois corporate lawyer commercial leasing insurance disputes low-ball insurance settlement Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Illinois employment law firm Schaumburg personal injury lawyers Crystal Lake injury attorney Palatine construction attorney Illinois estate planning attorney real estate attorney vacation home fines Inverness DUI lawyer jet ski accidents Schaumburg wrongful death attorney living trust benefits Deer Park traffic accident attorney Chicago employment attorney Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers defective products lawyer medical marijuana estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, Barrington injury attorney Illinois LLC creation Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers employment attorney criminal defense Buffalo Grove traffic attorney Crystal Lake tax lawyer wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace Illinois will lawyer employment law, Illinois employment laws new real estate form car collision Kenilworth estate planning lawyer traffic violations drugs paid sick leave Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Des Plaines injury law firm Barrington litigation attorney real estate zoning LLCs Transfer on Death Instrument Illinois medical malpractice attorney Schaumburg car accident attorney Schaumburg Attorney right to work probate lawyer Thanksgiving changes to mortgage law whistleblower protections Illinois car accident attorney tax attorney Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer holiday statistics dram shop law DUI attorney Schaumburg employment law attorneys Illinois registered agent IRA trust transfer Home Remodeling Repair Act Illinois employment laws Jay Andrew Rolling Meadows probate lawyer commercial real estate digital information estate planning FSLA fault based insurance Palatine law firm Barrington estate planning attorney real estate contract Illinois estate planning law firm Crystal Lake personal injury attorney icy parking lots POA rollover car crashes loss of consortium head on collisions Illinois trucking safety personal injury claim real estate lawyer clemency Illinois personal injury Retaliatory Discharge Illinois real estate lawyer business litigation DUI defense Illinois insurance dispute lawyers license reinstatement Inverness personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows Attorney Arlington Heights TBI attorney Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers Illinois probate lawyer cell phone accidents Home Sale Contingencies insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys Illinois real estate Colin Gilbert Illinois insurance claim attorney life insurance claims trench injuries Illinois denied insurance claim Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer Deer Park real estate law firm landlord tenant law insurance negligence elder law DNR personal injury accidents underinsured motorist Chicago will attorney Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer bicycle accidents rollover accidents Chicago traffic lawyer Schaumburg personal injury attorney truck collisions IRELA Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer Kenilworth estate planning attorneys Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys Exclusions federal crimes Illinois red light cameras back injuries Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, financial advisors motorcycle accident Des Plaines workers compensation sole proprietorship Schaumburg estate planning attorney IRA benefits liens federal regulations for LLCs Illinois Sales Representative Act preventing accidents texting and driving overtime pay living trust attorney fees life insurance policy real estate Rolling Meadows real estate attorney pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality Chicago attorney civil litigation hands free device traffic laws wills and trusts BAIID insurance claim dispute Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers golf accidents trauma after an accident Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm personal injury law firm spinal cord injury murder defense Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer speeding Schaumburg employment attorney Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer traffic accidents Long Grove estate planning attorney pet law filing a medical malpractice claim Palatine drug lawyer Crystal Lake will lawyer residential real estate marijuana crimes attorney underfunded trust Deer Park DUI lawyer Illinois home inspection Inverness corporate attorney disability benefits Buffalo Grove real estate attorney Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer Schaumburg real estate lawyer employees traumatic brain injuries Buffalo Grove injury lawyer subcontractor privacy Illinois Probate Act of 1975 Chicago employment lawyer digital evidence Illinois pedestrian accident attorney Arlington Heights insurance attorney Chicago corporate attorney Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys blended families estate tax Family Medical Leave Act Crystal Lake employment attorney Inverness accident lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers compensatory time Barrington estate planning lawyer Palatine civil attorney criminal record texting while driving pedestrian accident cell phone Arlington Heights trucking lawyer Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney capital gains tax revenge porn bad faith insurance claims denied insurance claims Palatine insurance lawyer personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys trust payments Mt Prospect Attorney Long Grove estate planning attorneys Illinois medical malpractice lawyers Arlington Heights lawyer medical research Affordable Care Act Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Illinois defective products attorney startup company Illinois employee rights attorney. liability Rolling Meadows accident lawyer Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents Des Plaines insurance attorney Crystal Lake car accident attorney BUI deed transfer medical malpractice claims home inspection lawyer elder abuse Fair Labor Standards Act Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer personal injury attorney Palatine corporate law attorneys estate planning for college students Schaumburg estate attorney criminal law dynasty trusts Des Plaines real estate lawyer insurance claim dispute attorney estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers creditors real estate closing Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys construction contracts pregnant women automated cars Barrington drug crime attorney Mount Prospect real estate lawyer Illinois job attorney Barrington workers compensation attorney Illinois business lawyer Illinois Smoke Detector Act institutional trustee BAC Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys Arlington Heights real estate lawyer taxes ken apicella healthcare Des Plaines tax law firm expungement Inverness probate lawyer Palatine criminal defense lawyer Deer Park medical malpractice attorney Illinois wrongful termination lawyer pizza emoji employee rights Rolling Meadows employment law attorney distracted driving accident victims Illinois small business Illinois civil litigation lawyer Chicago estate planning lawyer civil rights violation Schaumburg insurance lawyers Deer Park traffic lawyer job lawyers car accident lawyer PTSD college kids digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, Illinois bicycle safety Self-Directed IRA Accounts Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney nursing home negligence GM ignition switches workplace sexual harassment small business Des Plaines real estate attorney Crystal Lake insurance lawyer employment lawyer Super Mario defective products trucking accident lawyers guardianship attorney privacy laws Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Deer Park personal injury lawyer murder income distribution deducation Illinois employment law attorneys llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association unpaid overtime slip and fall Palatine estate planning lawyer condo Illinois employment lawyer medical malpractice Illinois wills and trusts Deer Park employment law attorney irrevocable trust Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer drug crime DUI penalities Palatine business attorney Barrington criminal defense lawyer life insurance lawyer Colin H. Gilbert estate plan comp time CAM insurance claim Palatine probate lawyer underage DUI Chicago insurance law firm traffic crimes Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer work unions insurance agents advance healthcare directive Crystal Lake traffic attorney Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers Barrington employment law attorney probate Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer pay when paid contract wills TBI medication errors Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer caregiver Barrington attorney Arlington Heights employment law attorneys Buffalo Grove probate lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer murder charges swimming pools Illinois Human Rights Act contracts Barrington Traffic Lawyer School Visitation Rights Act employment law drunk driving statistics insurance agent negligence Fourth of July operating agreements Schaumburg civil litigation attorney boating accidents Arlington Heights tax lawyer Class A misdemeanor commercial leases Schaumburg Deer Park accident attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer Crystal Lake car accident lawyer drug crimes lawyer car crashes owner responsibility Illinois employment attorneys child safety Whistleblower Claims Illinois medical malpractice case marijuana trustee traffic offenses Schaumburg traffic lawyer Illinois workers compensation attorney Barrington criminal lawyer medical malpractice compensation Palatine trusts lawyer Illinois personal injury lawyers Illinois personal injury attorney deadly crashes product liability Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act accidental death benefits gift taxes car crash Illinois lawyer landlord foreclosed rental property Policy Cancellation Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers crossover accidents employee misclassification Palatine employment lawyer reckless homicide vacation home fiduciary rule delay Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Illinois workplace lawyer Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer Barrington boating accident attorney bike accident corporate law Joliet general practice lawyers criminal Schaumburg injury lawyer breach of contract Rolling Meadows employment attorney personal injury Des Plaines drug lawyer natural gas explosion senior citizens Barrington employment attorney mass shooting internet Illinois attorney Barrington employment law firm Attorney Ken Apicella agent brain injury Inverness elder law lawyer Schaumburg criminal attorney Palatine employment law lawyer pet bites Illinois rollover accident lawyers Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer Illinois traffic attorney comparative negligence Illinois pet lawyer independent contractor eluding a police officer Detainer Actions Illinois living will Illinois tax attorney sexual harassment insurance dispute unpaid assessment estate planning attorney Schaumburg estate planning lawyer Schaumburg drug defense lawyer Arlington Heights traffic attorney suspended license Schaumburg criminal law attorney fiduciary rule ObamaCare Barrington real estate lawyer Illinois traffic accident lawyer Illinois injury lawyer Mount Prospect elder law attorney jet ski probate process insurance dispute attorney premises liability Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act fatal car accidents preventable medical errors insurance claim delay Illinois traffic ticket lawyer medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers auto accidents Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Inverness traffic law firm Inverness real estate attorney Palatine traffic lawyer anesthesia errors Des Plaines criminal attorney minimum wage power of attorney Long Grove real estate lawyer severance agreements Chicago lawyer

Archive