DGAA bLAWg

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.


Recent Posts


Tags

insurance claims license suspension Illinois pedestrian accident attorney personal injury employment lawyer Barrington personal injury attorney denied insurance claim Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney Illinois small business Inverness insurance attorney medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace independent contractor income distribution deducation Chicago insurance claim attorneys criminal law distracted driving accidents DGAA vacation home digital evidence paid sick leave rollover car crashes Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer digital assets estate attorney workers compensation motorcycle accident living trust benefits Inverness personal injury attorney Illinois DUI attorney Inverness injury lawyer Illinois medical malpractice lawyers Illinois criminal defense attorney forming a corporation in Illinois Detainer Actions bicycle dooring accidents Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer fatal car accidents Crystal Lake employment lawyer Illinois Trust Code bad faith insurance claims jet ski accidents crossover accidents advance healthcare directive Schaumburg criminal attorney expungement Illinois lawyer unpaid assessment Whistleblower Claims Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers sole proprietorship Barrington employment law attorney Deer Park traffic lawyer insurance agents Des Plaines pet law attorney commercial real estate Palatine punch death marijuana Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer car crashes wills and trusts Palatine personal injury lawyer Barrington criminal lawyer Schaumburg traffic lawyer Illinois wrongful termination lawyer Barrington Traffic Lawyer job lawyers coronavirus real estate closing hands free device Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer corporate law Illinois probate lawyer Illinois injury lawyer Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, Illinois elder law attorney Schaumburg personal injury attorney DUI attorney estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, holiday statistics dealing with problem employees deadly crashes Riverwoods estate planning lawyer pizza emoji startup company civil litigation Illinois LLC creation living trust vs will speeding accidental death benefits Chicago lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers life insurance claims subcontractor Illinois speeding lawyer personal injury claims Schaumburg employment law attorneys medical marijuana Palatine elder law attorney Rolling Meadows business lawyer Illinois jet ski accident lawyer School Visitation Rights Act PTSD Buffalo Grove law firm Illinois traffic attorneys appealing an insurance claim Illinois traffic laws Chicago car accident lawyer blended families Long Grove estate planning attorney Illinois employment laws Illinois civil litigation lawyer liability Illinois insurance claim attorney estate tax boating under the influence IRA trust transfer Rolling Meadows Rolling Meadows traffic law firm Fair Labor Standards Act Arlington Heights employment law attorneys employee misclassification insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys irrevocable trust Illinois personal injury lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers Barrington litigation attorney personal injury law firm comp time drunk driving statistics spinal cord injuries bike accident landlord tenant law slip and fall construction accidents Barrington civil litigation attorney Schaumburg estate planning lawyer Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney nursing home negligence vacation home fines traffic accidents marijuana crimes attorney Inverness elder law lawyer car crash Rolling Meadows criminal attorney Illinois Probate Act of 1975 Illinois insurance lawyer fiduciary rule Inverness estate planning lawyer rumble strips South Barrington real estate lawyer Crystal Lake car accident attorney Illinois collections attorney car accident lawyers natural gas explosion Rolling Meadows real estate attorney Buffalo Grove traffic attorney employment contract privacy laws digital information criminal defense installment contracts Des Plaines Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney Des Plaines accident attorney loss of consortium Palatine real estate lawyer Buffalo Grove real estate attorney Palatine injury attorney Barrington personal injury lawyer Illinois car accident attorney condo association real estate attorney attorney fees DMV Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act trustee field sobriety test pregnant women Inverness traffic law firm home inspection lawyer Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer cell phone accidents Rolling Meadows insurance attorney taxes car accident lawyer Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer real estate zoning license reinstatement Schaumburg corporate attorney Illinois employment law Inverness accident lawyer Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer social media after death overtime pay Chicago biking tips healthcare Long Grove real estate lawyer auto accidents FMLA Palatine workers compensation lawyer Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney unfunded trust right to work employees Exclusions uninsured motorist Kenilworth estate planning attorneys Palatine business attorney motorcycle accident lawyer Crystal Lake traffic lawyer unauthorized overtime disability benefits trucking accident lawyers rollover accidents Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers trench injuries Super Mario Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer changes to mortgage law wrongful termination golf accidents Barrington employment attorney swimming pools Crystal Lake tax lawyer medical malpractice compensation Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer probate fees Palatine insurance lawyer insurance disputes Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation landlord Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer POA Schaumburg employment attorney texting while driving personal injury claim tax attorney employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys breathalyzer test employment law, Illinois employment laws Illinois employment attorneys Barrington workers compensation attorney Des Plaines claims law firm Arlington Heights accident attorney contracts preventing accidents Chicago traffic lawyer anesthesia errors Schaumburg car accident attorney Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act denial of life insurance insurance claim denial reckless homicide Des Plaines real estate lawyer Barrington medical malpractice lawyers llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association DUI defense Rolling Meadows accident lawyer Class A misdemeanor brain injury workers compensation benefits Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer Crystal Lake accident attorney business litigation Schaumburg personal injury lawyers Arlington Heights TBI attorney college kids Thanksgiving Home Remodeling Repair Act estate planning trusts clemency Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer Illinois workers compensation attorney foreclosed rental property power of attorney Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Illinois Sales Representative Act Des Plaines personal injury attorney underinsured motorist Schaumburg injury lawyer Illinois law employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, healthcare claims Des Plaines real estate attorney probate claims traumatic brain injury Palatine construction attorney manufacturing preventable medical errors Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys Arlington Heights lawyer trauma after an accident Chicago insurance law firm Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney insurance adjusters Des Plaines drug lawyer severance agreements Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, Illinois estate planning Palatine traffic lawyer Inverness real estate attorney natural gas Long Grove estate planning insurance claim dispute no contest clauses Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney insurance claim denials estate plan Inverness corporate attorney Rolling Meadows Attorney dram shop law Colin Gilbert minimum wage IRELA Inverness probate lawyer Schaumburg drug defense lawyer caretaker rights Illinois business lawyer Illinois attorney Jay Andrew special needs trust senior citizens traffic tickets real estate leasing BAC Illinois insurance dispute lawyers whistleblower protections medical research Barrington real estate lawyer Palatine trusts lawyer blood alcohol content spinal cord injury food poisoning Family Medical Leave Act low-ball insurance settlement products liability life insurance privacy Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer DNR institutional trustee Colin H. Gilbert Joliet general practice lawyers medical malpractice real estate lawyer Des Plaines personal injury lawyers first degree murder child safety Chicago employment lawyer pay when paid contract product liability Illinois living will slip and fall accidents Des Plaines civil attorney cell phone tower data modern family estate planning rest breaks estate planning insurance agent negligence loopholes Crystal Lake injury attorney Illinois trusts attorney gift taxes Palatine corporate law attorneys Schaumburg elder law lawyer Deer Park accident attorney Buffalo Grove probate lawyer insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys pedestrian accidents FSLA pedestrian accident Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer pedestrian-automobile accident employment attorney cell phone Forcible Entry Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer sexual harassment traumatic brain injuries Crystal Lake car accident lawyer Des Plaines DUI attorney Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer Illinois business law atorneys Illinois traffic ticket lawyer murder charges fiduciary rule delay Palatine employment attorney insurance dispute attorney license revocation underfunded trust Long Grove estate planning attorneys meal breaks Palatine law firm Fourth of July Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer involuntary manslaughter Illinois real estate lawyer car collision suspended license Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Illinois medical malpractice attorney Illinois estate planning attorney Des Plaines injury law firm Rolling Meadows traffic attorney Deer Park traffic accident attorney in terrorem provision life insurance lawyer IRA benefits sexual images pet bites new real estate form Chicago will attorney Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute murder Arlington Heights Attorney financial advisors Barrington injury attorney Arlington Heights car accident lawyer Des Plaines collections attorney Schaumburg wrongful death attorney Illinois insurance disputes Deer Park real estate law firm Crystal Lake pet attorney Palatine drug lawyer Affordable Care Act traffic deaths digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality investment property real estate contract revenge porn Kenilworth estate planning attorney commercial leases real estate Illinois medical malpractice case liability claims hiring employees residential real estate Buffalo Grove injury lawyer Landlord Tenant Ordinance Liquor Control Act Crystal Lake law firm insurance negligence Illinois tax attorney drug crimes trust payments Home Sale Contingencies Illinois traffic attorney Palatine civil attorney Schaumburg estate planning attorney power of attorney for healthcare Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm wrongful death Illinois registered agent Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers Rolling Meadows tax attorney operating agreements insurance denials rent to own real estate contracts Illinois home inspection consent to a search drugs Barrington estate planning lawyer elder abuse TBI Illinois personal injury attorney Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys comparative negligence Mount Prospect elder law attorney Retaliatory Discharge civil litigation attorney small business Schaumburg insurance lawyers Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Illinois employment law attorneys Crystal Lake business law attorneys Des Plaines tax law firm insurance claim delay employee discrimination BUI Illinois employment law attorney Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney probate claims process Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Illinois employee rights attorney. foreclosure Transfer on Death Instrument Illinois trucking safety Illinois Human Rights Act Palatine employment lawyer Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers trucking accidents Schaumburg Attorney automated cars Chicago employment attorney Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys Arlington Heights criminal lawyer Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument dynasty trusts Legal Info Schaumburg real estate lawyer breach of contract boating DUI owner responsibility eluding a police officer gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys DUI penalities BAIID federal crimes Inverness DUI lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer surgical mistakes Kenilworth estate planning lawyer Illinois mortgages Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers Schaumburg criminal law attorney ACA drug possession jet ski Illinois Palatine criminal defense lawyer Illinois defective products attorney Crystal Lake personal injury attorney Crystal Lake insurance lawyer Crystal Lake will lawyer Illinois driving without license capital gains tax condo creditors South Barrington real estate attorney Attorney Ken Apicella Illinois insurance claims lawyers workers comp liens Illinois workplace discrimination attorney Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission head on collisions Arlington Heights employment attorney civil rights violation problem employees DUI Chicago estate planning Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer personal injury accidents Arlington Heights real estate lawyer Barrington employment law firm federal regulations for LLCs murder defense Illinois real estate probate process Inverness real estate lawyer traffic offenses driving Des Plaines personal injury lawyer Illinois insurance attorney criminal record Illinois red light cameras health insurance dispute Deer Park personal injury lawyer Illinois employment lawyer Schaumburg probate attorney Palatine probate lawyer pain and suffering Illinois workers compensation lawyer medication errors Policy Cancellation traffic crimes Arlington Heights insurance attorney Illinois estate planning law firm traffic violations defense drunk driving icy parking lots Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer Illinois rollover accident lawyers criminal Illinois workplace lawyer wills Employment Discrimination Law Deer Park workers compensation lawyer estate planning for college students living wills homestead rights Chicago estate planning lawyer construction contracts Barrington drug crime attorney estate planning attorney Crystal Lake employment attorney insurance attorney boating accidents Illinois pet lawyer personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows employment law attorney Illinois will lawyer Inverness civil lawyer Long Grove real estate attorney wage theft Chicago attorney trusts Arlington Heights injury attorney Palatine corporate attorney controlled substance Palatine estate planning lawyer guardianship attorney Chicago corporate attorney Illinois construction accident attorney internet Schaumburg construction accident lawyer Palatine employment law lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer Illinois traffic accident lawyer probate lawyer Barrington criminal defense lawyer Arlington Heights tax lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury attorney employment law Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Schaumburg Arlington Heights trucking lawyer dog bites insurance claim Illinois wills and trusts Deer Park employment law attorney Palatine civil litigation lawyer medical malpractice claims IRS Rolling Meadows probate lawyer underage DUI Buffalo Grove employment lawyer bicycle accidents Barrington boating accident attorney personal injury lawyer back injuries Buffalo Grove corporate attorney employee rights real estate attorneys Barrington attorney work unions Arlington Heights car crash attorneys Illinois job attorney living trust truck collisions Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Illinois Smoke Detector Act car accidents Deer Park criminal attorney Mt Prospect Attorney hit and run accident Crystal Lake traffic attorney LLCs elder law ObamaCare Schaumburg personal injury lawyer life insurance policy drug crimes lawyer Illinois boating accident lawyer insurance dispute deed transfer Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys Illinois bicycle safety insurance denial appeals Chicago trucking accident attorney Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer mortgage Illinois employment law firm personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys Do Not Resuscitate commercial leasing caregiver Illinois personal injury pet law texting and driving Mount Prospect real estate lawyer defective products Des Plaines insurance attorney defective products lawyer Illinois medical malpractice claim Self-Directed IRA Accounts unpaid overtime Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents Deer Park DUI lawyer Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Barrington estate planning attorney distracted driving accident victims compensatory time license Rolling Meadows employment attorney ken apicella Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney estate planning lawyer Palatine Attorney Palatine traffic accidents insurance claim dispute attorney Deer Park medical malpractice attorney drug crime filing a medical malpractice claim Crystal Lake employment law attorney denied insurance claims Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers premises liability Arlington Heights traffic attorney Illinois corporate lawyer traffic violations car crash injuries car accident overtime violations Des Plaines criminal attorney workplace sexual harassment fault based insurance mass shooting agent Barrington business law firm Illinois personal injury lawyers Schaumburg estate attorney probate CAM GM ignition switches traffic laws

Archive