DGAA bLAWg

How Is Exculpation of Trustees Addressed Under the New Illinois Trust Code?

Web Admin - Monday, December 30, 2019
Mount Prospect estate planning lawyer Illinois Trust CodeAs the new year begins, many trust owners (grantors) and trustees are familiarizing themselves with the Illinois Trust Code. As of January 1st, 2020, Illinois has adopted a new set of governing rules over trusts that will be linked to the Uniform Trust Code (UTC). This law involves many changes and updates to the rules surrounding trusts, and one area that has been affected is the modification of exculpation clauses. Moving forward, both grantors and trustees should consult a legal professional to either create, adjust, or better understand their trusts. 

What Does Exculpation of a Trustee Mean?


An exculpatory clause is a provision that can be added to a trust that would relieve a designated individual from responsibility for certain actions. Under the Illinois Trust Code, the exculpation of a trustee would relieve him or her of any liability for a breach of the trust. However, trust relieving will be unenforceable if it is determined that the exculpatory term:

- Absolves a trustee of liability that is committed with deceitful intentions or with carelessness to the purpose of the trust or the interests of the beneficiaries.
- Was inserted because of a trustee’s abuse of a legal or confidential relationship with the grantor. 

Unless the trustee can prove that the exculpatory term was justified under the current situation and that it was adequately communicated to the grantor, the term will be found invalid. For example, if a trustee purposefully acted in a way that was determined to be against the trust in an effort to benefit themselves, that trustee could be responsible for his or her actions.

What Is Changing?


Under previous Illinois law, a grantor of a trust was able to exonerate a trustee from personal liability by including an exculpatory clause into the trust. Although exculpatory clauses can still be used under the Illinois Trust Code, there is now a presumption that they will be found invalid if the trustee created or forced the clause to be added. In order to prove that an exculpatory clause is legitimate, a trust maker should be represented by a third-party counsel during the drafting of the trust.

Contact a Riverwoods Estate Planning Attorney


Due to the significant changes that have been implemented under the Illinois Trust Code, it is important for trust makers and trustees to understand the new policies. If you wish to add an exculpatory clause, or if there has been a breach in your trust, you should work with an attorney to determine your legal options. At Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, our experienced Barrington trust lawyers can work with you to ensure your trust meets the requirements of Illinois law. For a free consultation, call our office today at 847-934-6000.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Sources:
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs5.asp?ActID=4001&ChapterID=61

What Is a Nonjudicial Settlement Agreement in Relation to the ITC?

Web Admin - Thursday, November 07, 2019
Riverwoods estate planning lawyer trustsA trust can provide a person with the ability to protect and manage their assets and distribute them to beneficiaries either before or after their death. When a person creates a trust, they will name a trustee who will be responsible for controlling and managing the property or assets held in the trust. These appointed agents are legally required by the Illinois Trust Code (ITC) to fulfill the duties authorized to them, such as distributing possessions or managing an estate. If disputes arise between a trust’s beneficiaries, a trustee, or any other interested persons, the parties may enter into a nonjudicial settlement agreement to modify the terms of the trust. Before any actions or alterations are enacted, it is important to speak to an experienced trust attorney.  

What Can Be Resolved By a Nonjudicial Settlement Agreement 


Under the ITC, a nonjudicial settlement agreement can address the following subjects:
- The lawfulness and clarification of the terms attached to a trust.
- Approval of a designated agent’s actions.
- The powers which can or cannot be exercised by a trustee, as long as they do not conflict with the purpose of the trust.
- Concerns relating to property held by the trust if the settlement does not conflict with the purpose of the trust.
- The act of removing or appointing a trustee, advisor, or any other delegated representative of financial or nonfinancial powers. This may also include choosing a new successor trustee. 
- The financial compensation that can be provided to a trustee.
- The transfer of a trust’s principal place of administration.
- Accountability of a designated agent for his or her actions relating to the trust.
- The actions taken to resolve disputes related to the administration of the trust, the distribution of assets, or other relevant issues.
- A modification of the terms that relate to the administration of the trust. 
- If a trust is severed into two or more trusts, determination of whether the aggregate interests of each beneficiary are equivalent to their interests before severance.
- The termination of a trust, which can only occur if a court finds that the continuance of the trust is not necessary to achieve the trust’s purpose.

Contact a Long Grove Trusts Attorney


Before the ITC is enacted on January 1st, 2020, it is critical for trust settlors, trustees, and beneficiaries to discuss any possible changes that may need to take place. In order to make sure that your rights are protected, you should work with an experienced attorney who understands the laws regarding trusts in Illinois. At Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, our Kenilworth estate planning lawyers can provide clarification in your specific situation. To schedule a free consultation, contact our office today at 847-934-6000.  

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Sources:

http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs5.asp?ActID=4001&ChapterID=61

How Does the Illinois Trust Code Affect Trustees and Beneficiaries?

Web Admin - Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Long Grove estate planning lawyer Illinois Trust CodeMany people utilize trusts to protect and manage their assets and ensure that these assets are properly distributed to their beneficiaries either before or after their death. However, the laws regarding trusts are changing. Effective January 1st, 2020, the Illinois Trust Code (ITC) will be replacing the current Illinois Trusts and Trustees Act. The ITC is linked in certain ways to the Uniform Trust Code (UTC), which is an arrangement of laws designed to establish consistent trust laws between different states. Before the ITC is implemented, trust makers and trustees may need to review their current trusts and determine how the changes to the law may affect them. 

New Default and Mandatory Rules


When a person creates a trust, they place their assets in the control of a trustee, who will oversee the process of managing these assets and distributing them to the beneficiaries according to the terms defined in the trust. The ITC specifies a number of rules that must be followed regarding trusts. While a trust may provide a trustee and beneficiaries with certain rights, powers, duties, limitations, and immunities, the ITC states that:

- A trustee must act in good faith.
- The trust must be lawful and cannot violate public policy.
- A trust may nominate one or more people to serve as the designated representative of a qualified beneficiary, and this representative must act in good faith in the best interests of the beneficiary.
- A trust may not be enforced for more than 21 years.
- The court is granted the power to modify or terminate a trust.
- Spendthrift provisions can be authorized by the court.
- A person who is acting as an agent in a power of attorney must have express authorization in order to act on behalf of a trust settlor. 
- The court may adjust the compensation provided to a trustee if it is deemed to be too high or low.
- A trustee must notify each qualified beneficiary of the trust’s existence, the beneficiaries’ right to a copy of the trust, and whether the beneficiary can receive or request trust accountings. 
- A trustee must send an annual trust accounting to the current beneficiaries.
- A trustee must send a trust accounting to all of the beneficiaries upon the termination of a trust.
- If a trust contains terms waiving a trustee’s liability for breaching the terms of the trust, these terms may be unenforceable.

Contact a Schaumburg Estate Planning Lawyer


The ITC may have significant implications for currently-established trusts, as well as for trusts that are created in the future. Before the ITC is enacted, discussing your questions and concerns with an experienced Arlington Heights trusts attorney could help ensure that your rights as a trustee or beneficiary are protected. At Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, we can help you address any legal issues related to trusts, or we can help you create a trust to protect your assets and distribute them to your beneficiaries. To further discuss your specific situation, contact our office today at 847-934-6000 for a free initial consultation.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Sources:
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs5.asp?ActID=4001&ChapterID=61

5 Tips For Non-Traditional Families When Creating an Estate Plan

Web Admin - Friday, June 28, 2019
Barrington estate planning lawyer same sex couplesToday’s families come in many forms. In fact, there are fewer “traditional” families than ever in which two opposite-sex parents are married for the first time and have children together. Since divorce is common, and couples often choose to live together and have children without getting married, many families include step-parents and step-children. In addition, the legalization of same-sex marriage has resulted in complex family arrangements involving biological children and adoptive children. Regardless of how a family is configured, it is important to plan for the future and ensure that all family members’ needs will be met. For non-traditional families, it is important to consider the following during the estate planning process:

1. Update your will - Your last will and testament specifies how you want your assets to be distributed to your heirs after your death and any other last wishes. You will want to be sure that your will addresses your partner, your children, your step-children, and any other family members.

2. Create a trust - In addition to your will, a trust can provide more control and flexibility for how you would like your assets to be distributed to your beneficiaries. A living trust can be changed or modified if necessary, and it can also be used to provide for your and your partner’s needs during your life.

3. Use power of attorney - While married spouses have the right to make decisions for each other, this is not always true for unmarried couples. A power of attorney agreement can be used to ensure that partners will be able to make medical or financial decisions for each other if one of them becomes incapacitated.

4. Consider a prenuptial or postnuptial agreement - When you get remarried, your new spouse will typically be entitled to receive half of your estate following your death. A prenup or postnup can ensure that certain assets will be set aside for any children you may have from a previous marriage or relationship.

5. Address plans for retirement - If you have any retirement funds saved in an account such as a 401(k) or IRA, you will want to be sure to name beneficiaries who will receive these funds following your death. You can name your spouse or partner as a beneficiary, as well as any children or step-children.

Contact a Kenilworth Estate Planning Attorney


When creating a comprehensive estate plan, you will want to be sure all of your family members will be provided for. Determining how to do so when you are in a non-traditional family can be a complex matter, and an experienced attorney can help you address issues involving same-sex partners, children from previous marriages, adoptive children, or other family members. Contact our Riverwoods estate planning lawyer today at 847-934-6000 to schedule a free consultation.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Sources:
https://digitalcommons.law.seattleu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1773&context=sulr

3 Reasons Why a Living Trust Is More Beneficial Than Just a Will

Web Admin - Wednesday, January 23, 2019
Des Plaines living trust lawyerIf you wish to leave a legacy to your children or other beneficiaries after your death, it is imperative that you have an estate plan that will ensure prompt and accurate distribution of your assets. Many people think that writing a will is the best way to do this. However, while a will is important, putting your assets into a revocable living trust can provide several additional benefits.

Avoid the Illinois Probate Process 


In order to distribute assets according to the terms of a will, the will must go through the probate process. This involves filing various court documents required by law to establish the value of each asset and to re-title each asset from the deceased’s name to the recipient’s name. This can be a long, drawn-out process.

Secure Adult Heirs’ Immediate Access to the Estate


One of probate’s most serious drawbacks is the freezing of assets. Specifically, any assets that are held solely in the name of the deceased are frozen upon their death. Imagine a married couple who amassed several large investment and retirement accounts and multiple pieces of real estate during their lifetime. Upon the death of both spouses, their children cannot touch any of the assets until a probate court judge approves the will and appoints a Personal Representative to handle the estate. Leaving large investment accounts without active management can be risky.

By comparison, imagine that all of the couple’s assets had been placed in a living trust, meaning that the assets are titled in the name of the trust rather than in the name of any individual. Upon the death of the trust-maker, their designated successor has immediate access to the assets of the trust.

Secure Assets for the Long-Term Benefit of the Family


Imagine our married couple has three children and has a will. Upon the death of both spouses and probate action, the assets of the estate must be divided amongst the named heirs. Assuming the estate is to be divided equally among the three children, the inherited assets are now at risk to creditors, bankruptcy, a lawsuit, or a divorce. 

Creditors. If the married couple had all of their assets in a trust, ownership of those assets can remain titled in the name of the trust indefinitely. Because the assets are not titled in the individual children’s names, the assets are protected from creditors, even if one child files for bankruptcy or gets divorced. The beneficiaries named in the trust will have access to the assets in accordance with the directions specified in the trust documents. 

Heirs with disabilities. Upon the death of the spouses, one child (or an objective third party such as a bank) could be named as the successor trustee with directions to manage the trust in a certain way. This approach can be used to ensure that the use of the assets is prioritized in some way, such as to meet the basic needs of a child or grandchild with a disability. Keeping the assets in the trust can also serve to protect the right of a disabled heir to receive needs-based government benefits.

Underage heirs. Keeping the trust open with a successor trustee can also be beneficial for heirs who have not yet reached adulthood. When a will leaves assets to a minor, the probate court must appoint a conservator to manage the minor’s assets. Once our fictional married couple has died, there is no telling who that conservator might be and what decisions they might make. In contrast, assets left in a trust can be managed according to specific directions written into the trust. Thus, the maker of the trust can dictate when and for what purposes a youthful (or even as-yet unborn) heir can access their inheritance.

Consult a Palatine Revocable Living Trust Lawyer


A well-thought-out living trust can give you greater peace of mind and benefit your heirs in the long run. To discuss options for writing or updating a living trust, call an experienced Schaumburg living trust attorney at Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. We have prepared living trusts for many high-asset families with complex issues of inheritance. To set up a free initial consultation, call 847-934-6000.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Sources:
https://www.isba.org/public/guide/livingtrust

Two Important Benefits Provided By a Living Trust

Web Admin - Tuesday, August 07, 2018
Arlington Heights trust lawyerThe thought of planning for what should happen after one’s death is often too morbid for many people to want to consider. However, doing so is incredibly important, since you want to be sure that your wishes will be followed correctly and that your heirs will be able to receive the assets you plan to pass on to them with minimal complications. While you may think that the estate planning process begins and ends with the creation of a last will and testament, another tool that can be very powerful is a living trust. 

Trusts allow you to protect certain assets, placing them in the control of a trustee and passing them to your beneficiaries once certain requirements are met. With a living trust, you can serve as the trustee while you are still living and mentally competent, giving you control over your assets and allowing you to revoke or change the terms of the trust to meet your and your family’s needs. There are a number of benefits to using a living trust, but two of the primary advantages are:

1. Avoiding Probate

When a person dies, the executor of their estate will enter their will into probate court, which is a process that can be lengthy and expensive as the court reviews the will and approves the paying of debts and taxes and the passing of assets to beneficiaries. The will is entered into public court records, meaning that the family’s personal business is available to be viewed by anyone who wants to examine the court documents. 

A trust, on the other hand, does not have to go through the probate process. This will allow assets to be passed to beneficiaries much more quickly and with fewer complications, and it will also ensure that the details about the estate are kept private.

2. Planning for Illness or Incapacitation

In many cases, when a person becomes ill or incapacitated or is no longer able to manage their own affairs, a friend or family member is named as their legal guardian. Guardianship will often not only give a guardian control of a person’s health and personal care, but also their financial affairs. This type of situation is not ideal, but a living trust can help you avoid losing control of your finances by addressing how things should be handled if you are incapacitated. 

Your trust can specify what conditions should exist for you to be declared incapacitated or mentally incompetent, and it can name a successor trustee who will manage the trust in this situation. The trustee can ensure that you have the financial resources you need to provide for your own care, while preserving your assets to pass on to your beneficiaries after your death.

Contact a Palatine Estate Planning Attorney

If you want to know more about how to use a living trust to protect your assets and pass them to your heirs, the attorneys of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC can answer your questions and work with you to create a comprehensive estate plan. Contact a Schaumburg living trust lawyer today at 847-934-6000 to schedule a personalized consultation.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.



Sources:
https://www.thebalance.com/the-benefits-of-a-revocable-living-trust-vs-a-will-3505405
https://www.thebalance.com/pros-and-cons-of-revocable-living-trusts-3505384

Why You Need an Estate Plan Even If You Do Not Have Children

Web Admin - Thursday, January 11, 2018
Palatine estate planning lawyerFinancial advisors and attorneys often tell their clients that estate planning is an essential part of anyone’s financial plan, ensuring that their assets are correctly distributed to their heirs after their death. But how does this apply to people who do not have any children? If you are not concerned with providing for your descendants after you are gone, you may not feel that an estate plan is necessary. However, it is still important to have a plan in place that will protect your assets both before and after your death.

Creating a Will

When someone dies intestate (without a last will and testament in place), their assets will be distributed according to Illinois’ intestate succession laws. If someone has no descendants, their entire estate will go to their spouse. If they do not have a spouse, the estate will be divided among their parents and siblings, or among their closest surviving relatives. If no relatives can be located, the estate will go to the State of Illinois.

Even if you do not have children, you will likely want to have some say in who will inherit your property after you die. Creating a valid last will and testament will ensure that your assets are distributed according to your wishes, whether you plan to leave them to your spouse, family members, friends, or charitable organizations.

Another benefit of a will is that it names an executor who will handle the distribution of your property to your heirs. Without a will in place, a probate court will appoint an administrator of your estate, and extensive court proceedings may be necessary to resolve any disputes over the distribution of your assets. Creating a will that clarifies your intentions and names a person you trust to oversee your estate will ensure that your wishes are carried out correctly.

Holding Assets in a Living Trust

Another benefit that estate planning can provide is ensuring that you will have the financial resources you need as you near the end of your life. A living trust is a good way to protect your assets, giving you control over them while also specifying who will handle them and how they should be used to care for you if you should ever become incapacitated or disabled, as well as how they should be distributed after your death.

One of the key benefits of a trust is that it simplifies the distribution of property after your death, since assets held in a trust are not subject to probate. In addition, while the contents of a will are part of the public record, a trust is confidential, providing privacy to both you and your heirs.

Contact a Rolling Meadows Estate Planning Attorney

If you want to know more about the benefits that estate planning can provide to you and your loved ones, the attorneys at Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC can help you understand the benefits of a will or trust and work with you to draft the documents that give you and your family the financial security you need. Contact our Palatine estate planning lawyers today at 847-934-6000 to schedule a personalized consultation.


About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.



Sources:
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs4.asp?ActID=2104&ChapterID=60&SeqStart=3700000&SeqEnd=5000000
https://www.aarp.org/money/estate-planning/info-09-2010/ten_things_you_should_know_about_living_trusts.html

Why Do I Need a Living Trust? Won't My Simple Will Work Just the Same?

Web Admin - Friday, May 20, 2016

Why I Need a Living Trust, Illinois Estate Planning Attorneys When people begin the process of estate planning, they often have several questions about what course of action would be in their best interest, or in the best interests of their surviving family members and loved ones. One frequently asked question asks what the difference is between a simple will and a living trust. 

Is one option a better choice than the other? 

The answer really depends on your particular situation. However, for most typical family situations, a good choice is to use a living trust to transfer your property upon your death. 

When you prepare a will as your sole means of transferring your property upon your death, your will must go through the probate court, which can be complicated and your surviving family members could end up fighting over your will once you are gone. However, using a revocable living trust, which you can prepare while you are still alive, can help your family avoid probate after you pass on. Individuals who are looking to exercise more control over their property may find that a living trust is a useful estate planning tool. One of the estate planning attorneys at our firm can help you prepare a declaration of trust at your convenience.

Five Advantages to Using a Living Trust Over a Will

Below are examples of the advantages of using a living trust over a will. 

1. Property transferred through a living trust will not go through probate. Probate is a long, tedious, and costly process before the probate court where the validity of the will is demonstrated, all debts held by the decedent are paid off, and then the remaining property is distributed to the family members. The more complicated the decedent’s estate is upon his or her death, the more complicated and drawn out probate can be. 

2. Out-of-state property transferred through a living trust can avoid ancillary probate. When property is located out of state, instead of having to go through probate in each state, a living trust can allow for the property of out-of-state property without ancillary, or out-of-state probate. 

3. Getting the opportunity to manage your property during your lifetime. By being the settlor of your own living trust, you retain control over the trust until you decide that you want to hand over the reigns or you die. 

4. Living trusts remain confidential, wills are not. Since probate is a legal proceeding, if your will goes through probate, your will becomes part of the probate court records, which are made available for public inspection.  

5. The successor trustee is able to take over once the principal is disabled which is a huge advantage. The “seamless” transition of control over the trust and the trust corpus upon the disability of the grantor is a huge advantage of the trust over the will.

Getting Legal Help with Living Trusts

If you think that a living trust might be the best estate planning tool for you, please feel free to contact one of our experienced Illinois estate planning attorneys today. Our law firm serves the communities of Crystal Lake, Palatine, Des Plaines, Mount Prospect, Long Grove, Kenilworth, Riverwoods, Buffalo Grove, Barrington, and Arlington Heights. Call 847-934-6000 to speak to a member of our team.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.

Source:
http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs3.asp?ActID=2117

Importance of Funding Your Living Trust

Web Admin - Friday, September 25, 2015

funding your living trust, Illinois estate planning attorney

The creation of living trusts in order to transfer property to beneficiaries is becoming increasingly popular. One of the major benefits of using a living trust is the avoidance of probate. However, if the maker of the trust (called the grantor) does not actually fund the trust with property or other assets, the grantor’s estate will likely have to go through probate. 

Living Trusts 

A revocable living trust is a form of estate planning that allows a grantor to determine who gets his or her property upon their death. A trust that is revocable can be altered, changed, or revoked during the life of the grantor. Upon the grantor’s death, the trust becomes irrevocable. After the trust becomes irrevocable, it cannot be changed and the trustee must follow the distribution plan made by the grantor. Alternatively, an irrevocable living trust is one that cannot be revoked once it is finalized. Both of these forms of trusts are called “living” trusts because they are formed during the life of the grantor. 

Living trusts provide the benefit of the avoidance of probate, which is a court process in which a determination is made as to how property is distributed upon the death of an individual. Probate, which is governed under Illinois law by the Probate Act of 1975, is often expensive and time-consuming. Additionally, it often means that property is not divided in accordance with how the deceased individual would have desired. 

In order to avoid probate, the grantor must correctly form the trust and fund the trust. A trust is formed through the creation of a written trust document that is signed by the creator of the trust and a notary public. The trust document must include a list of the property that is covered by the trust, name a trustee, and name the beneficiaries of the property included in the trust. 

The grantor must transfer the property that is to be covered by the trust into the trust. For most property, a trust is funded simply by including a list of covered property in the trust document. However, real estate must be retitled in the name of the trust in order to be correctly transferred. A trust that has not had assets properly transferred to it is called an unfunded living trust. 

Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for grantors to fail to fund their trust. This may occur when a grantor plans to get around to it in the future but never actually does it. Alternatively, a grantor may incorrectly believe that the creation of the trust document was sufficient. For example, in the case of real estate, the creation of the trust document is not enough due to the retitling rule. If a trust is not properly funded, the goals of the estate plan will not be achieved and the estate will have to go through probate. 

Help with Estate Planning 

Planning for what will happen to your property and assets is important for you and your loved ones. If you would like more information or help in forming a living trust, contact an experienced Illinois estate planning attorney today. Our firm proudly serves the communities of Inverness, Palatine, Schaumburg, Arlington Heights, Long Grove, Kenilworth, Riverwoods, Barrington, South Barrington, and Mount Prospect.

About the Author:

Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Source:

http://www.ilga.gov/legislation/ilcs/ilcs5.asp?ActID=2104&ChapterID=60


5 Benefits to Using an Institutional Trustee

Web Admin - Tuesday, April 08, 2014

illinois trusts and estate planning attorneyTrusts are versatile, useful legal instruments that allow the grantor (the person who sets up the trust) to set aside certain money or other assets for the use of another person (the beneficiary). However, the beneficiary does not have direct access to the assets. Instead, the trust is managed by a trustee whose job it is to control the assets and use them in the beneficiary’s best interest. This makes choosing the trustee one of the most important parts of setting up a trust.

Although most individuals can serve as a trustee, Illinois law also allows for the use of an “institutional trustee.” Institutional trustees are companies, often banks, who professionally manage the trust’s assets. These companies usually do charge a fee for the services, but the companies come with several benefits:

  • - They are skilled at managing trusts;
  • - They have the ability to handle complex paperwork and recordkeeping;
  • - They provide continuity to the management of the trust;
  • - They operate free of bias; and
  • - They are regulated to prevent fraud.

Reasons to Use an Institutional Trustee

  1. 1. Experienced Administrators: Institutional trustees have experience managing trusts. This allows them to easily navigate the legal requirements for trustees. Furthermore, many trustees are responsible for investing the trust’s assets. Banks and other institutional trustees are often professional investors who will be able to handle the task better than friends or family.

  1. 2. Strong Recordkeeping: Trusts also have fairly extensive recordkeeping requirements to prevent fraud on the part of the trustee. Institutional trustees have the infrastructure in place to make sure that important documents, like tax returns, are filed on time and do not get misplaced. Furthermore, the use of an institutional trustee prevents this complex work from being pushed onto a friend or family member.

  1. 3. Management Continuity: The corporate nature of institutional trustees also allows for continuity in the trust’s management. Trusts can last for decades and decades. An individual trustee may not be physically or mentally capable of managing a trust for its entire duration. Conversely, institutional trustees have the ability to smoothly transfer trust administration from one employee to the next, allowing for steady management of the assets.

  1. 4. Unbiased Distribution: Additionally, institutional trustees can eliminate the possibility of bias that might exist with trustees who are friends or family. The company would not have any prior history with particular beneficiaries that might interfere with the fair and evenhanded use of the trust’s assets.

  1. 5. Fraud Protection: Finally, institutional trustees have fraud prevention mechanisms in place. Although everyone would like to think that their friends or family members are above reproach, cases of theft on the part of the trustee do happen. Many institutional trustees are subject to government regulation and auditing requirements that can reduce the risk of fraud on their parts.

If you are interested in setting up a trust, consult with an Illinois estate planning lawyer to tailor one to your specific situation. Our attorneys lend their experience to clients across the northwest suburban area, including in Long Grove, Riverwoods, and Kenilworth.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.


Recent Posts


Tags

attorney fees denied insurance claims coronavirus traffic deaths Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys boating DUI first degree murder DGAA Barrington workers compensation attorney no contest clauses bicycle dooring accidents Liquor Control Act Des Plaines civil attorney vacation home Kenilworth estate planning attorneys Crystal Lake employment law attorney Crystal Lake law firm real estate leasing Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney Kenilworth estate planning attorney trucking accidents Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers jet ski accidents healthcare claims slip and fall accidents Chicago employment attorney Inverness insurance attorney license reinstatement rollover accidents medical research dog bites medical malpractice Illinois construction accident attorney Do Not Resuscitate motorcycle accident lawyer drugs gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys Illinois bicycle safety Illinois wills and trusts Deer Park real estate law firm real estate lawyer cell phone accidents Exclusions Illinois traffic attorneys Schaumburg drug defense lawyer Chicago car accident lawyer surgical mistakes Barrington attorney Barrington injury attorney Inverness accident lawyer rent to own real estate contracts Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Des Plaines insurance attorney Illinois criminal defense attorney power of attorney for healthcare nursing home negligence Policy Cancellation Illinois estate planning law firm Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers blended families FMLA Illinois employment law attorney car accidents Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer Long Grove real estate lawyer employees Illinois Probate Act of 1975 Illinois pet lawyer severance agreements Barrington criminal defense lawyer compensatory time Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer Arlington Heights TBI attorney Illinois business lawyer construction accidents Arlington Heights employment law attorneys Deer Park criminal attorney revenge porn preventable medical errors Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer Arlington Heights real estate lawyer rest breaks Long Grove estate planning attorney Illinois mortgages Des Plaines Palatine criminal defense lawyer Illinois traffic attorney Illinois insurance lawyer Illinois tax attorney employee discrimination insurance claim denials car crash filing a medical malpractice claim Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents ObamaCare fault based insurance Long Grove estate planning caregiver Illinois traffic ticket lawyer BAC drug crime Illinois insurance attorney Illinois real estate lawyer Chicago trucking accident attorney workers compensation benefits Illinois Trust Code defective products lawyer Chicago lawyer Rolling Meadows Attorney Illinois workers compensation attorney Chicago employment lawyer underinsured motorist back injuries wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace college kids jet ski Illinois employment law attorneys distracted driving accidents Transfer on Death Instrument Illinois living will Rolling Meadows Schaumburg probate attorney pet bites Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer Home Sale Contingencies Palatine injury attorney Deer Park accident attorney Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer Barrington business law firm dram shop law Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers Schaumburg car accident attorney DMV Class A misdemeanor elder abuse loopholes life insurance lawyer blood alcohol content CAM real estate contract Des Plaines collections attorney cell phone Illinois medical malpractice attorney fiduciary rule delay Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer TBI Arlington Heights accident attorney IRS Arlington Heights insurance attorney Schaumburg insurance lawyers changes to mortgage law Joliet general practice lawyers Illinois car accident attorney Schaumburg wrongful death attorney healthcare marijuana Barrington medical malpractice lawyers Palatine traffic accidents agent dynasty trusts natural gas explosion preventing accidents Illinois collections attorney Illinois insurance dispute lawyers personal injury hands free device personal injury lawyer Illinois employment attorneys underage DUI condo association liability claims suspended license medical malpractice compensation Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers license revocation medication errors insurance claim delay job lawyers ACA taxes PTSD Illinois workplace lawyer car accident lawyers sole proprietorship digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer Des Plaines personal injury lawyers Illinois red light cameras Colin Gilbert bike accident trucking accident lawyers truck collisions Inverness estate planning lawyer insurance attorney anesthesia errors defective products Illinois job attorney Illinois rollover accident lawyers Rolling Meadows criminal attorney Inverness elder law lawyer real estate zoning pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality pay when paid contract estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, Illinois civil litigation lawyer insurance negligence Rolling Meadows business lawyer Chicago attorney unauthorized overtime Thanksgiving subcontractor head on collisions Buffalo Grove real estate attorney breathalyzer test Mount Prospect elder law attorney health insurance dispute living trust Illinois traffic laws uninsured motorist DNR Inverness traffic law firm Palatine probate lawyer vacation home fines food poisoning civil rights violation Deer Park traffic lawyer digital evidence pedestrian-automobile accident Arlington Heights personal injury attorney construction contracts controlled substance denial of life insurance Des Plaines pet law attorney Arlington Heights car crash attorneys crossover accidents overtime pay residential real estate texting and driving Palatine construction attorney estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers Schaumburg estate planning lawyer murder defense premises liability field sobriety test real estate closing criminal record insurance denials deed transfer Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act Barrington personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney living wills pregnant women probate claims process Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission consent to a search probate fees rollover car crashes small business Schaumburg estate attorney Rolling Meadows traffic law firm Illinois personal injury lawyers Illinois driving without license life insurance claims involuntary manslaughter Crystal Lake will lawyer Illinois wills and trusts attorneys paid sick leave Illinois employment law firm Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Des Plaines real estate attorney problem employees fatal car accidents Schaumburg personal injury lawyer medical malpractice claims Chicago insurance claim attorneys marijuana crimes attorney car crashes reckless homicide Palatine punch death sexual harassment car crash injuries insurance dispute Illinois elder law attorney Illinois personal injury Inverness DUI lawyer sexual images Illinois wrongful termination lawyer Buffalo Grove law firm privacy laws LLCs commercial leasing Barrington employment law attorney probate process Arlington Heights criminal lawyer traffic tickets IRELA Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer employment law Arlington Heights car accident lawyer speeding Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney Barrington civil litigation attorney Arlington Heights Attorney wage theft civil litigation attorney Palatine real estate lawyer real estate attorney Rolling Meadows traffic attorney Illinois trucking safety Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers Chicago will attorney drug possession disability benefits real estate liens Palatine business attorney Landlord Tenant Ordinance Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney Schaumburg employment law attorneys DUI Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute car collision Arlington Heights estate planning attorney digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, Rolling Meadows real estate attorney Illinois probate lawyer pain and suffering pizza emoji privacy creditors insurance claims Legal Info workers comp Palatine corporate attorney insurance disputes Deer Park traffic accident attorney products liability Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer tax attorney Rolling Meadows accident lawyer boating accidents pet law Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act Illinois Sales Representative Act appealing an insurance claim commercial real estate Illinois employee rights attorney. Illinois insurance claims lawyers Buffalo Grove probate lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer Chicago biking tips Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer social media after death personal injury accidents low-ball insurance settlement Arlington Heights employment attorney Palatine employment attorney drug crimes Illinois insurance claim attorney Schaumburg elder law lawyer Kenilworth estate planning lawyer Jay Andrew Barrington drug crime attorney new real estate form whistleblower protections right to work construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation Illinois lawyer car accident Schaumburg estate planning attorney Schaumburg injury lawyer Illinois registered agent living trust benefits Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Illinois pedestrian accident attorney Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys Crystal Lake business law attorneys Palatine drug lawyer Des Plaines personal injury attorney forming a corporation in Illinois Barrington boating accident attorney Inverness corporate attorney Barrington estate planning lawyer Schaumburg criminal law attorney Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Schaumburg personal injury lawyers Family Medical Leave Act BUI IRA benefits Palatine workers compensation lawyer Affordable Care Act POA power of attorney real estate attorneys Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer foreclosure Palatine personal injury lawyer trust payments Whistleblower Claims Palatine elder law attorney Crystal Lake pet attorney IRA trust transfer estate tax Schaumburg Attorney comparative negligence Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Palatine employment law lawyer deadly crashes wills and trusts criminal defense gift taxes insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys Deer Park DUI lawyer auto accidents Des Plaines tax law firm hit and run accident homestead rights Employment Discrimination Law bicycle accidents Des Plaines accident attorney Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys Illinois DUI attorney Schaumburg traffic lawyer School Visitation Rights Act traffic laws Crystal Lake traffic attorney owner responsibility Palatine trusts lawyer Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer meal breaks Self-Directed IRA Accounts employment law, Illinois employment laws Chicago estate planning lawyer Long Grove estate planning attorneys Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer unpaid overtime Des Plaines real estate lawyer internet golf accidents life insurance policy drunk driving statistics automated cars Buffalo Grove corporate attorney in terrorem provision Rolling Meadows employment attorney drug crimes lawyer license probate lawyer landlord tenant law Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer traumatic brain injuries eluding a police officer Arlington Heights injury attorney Illinois workers compensation lawyer Schaumburg criminal attorney Crystal Lake insurance lawyer brain injury insurance claim dispute GM ignition switches llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association startup company operating agreements Crystal Lake employment attorney traffic violations Schaumburg employment attorney medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers Des Plaines DUI attorney Barrington employment attorney Illinois estate planning attorney Palatine employment lawyer Home Remodeling Repair Act unfunded trust Illinois corporate lawyer contracts Rolling Meadows employment law attorney fiduciary rule drunk driving swimming pools Palatine corporate law attorneys Illinois workplace discrimination attorney trauma after an accident wrongful termination landlord Palatine insurance lawyer traffic violations defense car accident lawyer insurance adjusters business litigation underfunded trust Palatine law firm traffic offenses probate Des Plaines criminal attorney license suspension minimum wage spinal cord injury Inverness real estate attorney Palatine civil litigation lawyer personal injury law firm Illinois personal injury attorney holiday statistics Des Plaines personal injury lawyer Illinois medical malpractice case Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys Illinois insurance disputes employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys Inverness real estate lawyer Fair Labor Standards Act work unions estate planning for college students ken apicella civil litigation Schaumburg construction accident lawyer insurance agent negligence Des Plaines injury law firm texting while driving Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm Chicago insurance law firm Barrington personal injury lawyer comp time Rolling Meadows insurance attorney Chicago traffic lawyer Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer Des Plaines drug lawyer Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers irrevocable trust Barrington criminal lawyer Arlington Heights trucking lawyer Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer Buffalo Grove traffic attorney Illinois injury lawyer Forcible Entry Illinois defective products attorney Illinois trusts attorney liability home inspection lawyer Illinois jet ski accident lawyer clemency capital gains tax Illinois home inspection employment lawyer Rolling Meadows tax attorney rumble strips loss of consortium Illinois Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer Illinois law Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney Long Grove real estate attorney Retaliatory Discharge Palatine traffic lawyer Illinois Smoke Detector Act Illinois speeding lawyer Illinois boating accident lawyer manufacturing accidental death benefits Detainer Actions advance healthcare directive Palatine civil attorney federal regulations for LLCs pedestrian accident Barrington estate planning attorney Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer spinal cord injuries icy parking lots Illinois personal injury lawyer insurance dispute attorney insurance claim denial breach of contract Crystal Lake car accident lawyer Inverness injury lawyer insurance agents workplace sexual harassment unpaid assessment murder charges elder law Illinois business law atorneys Crystal Lake employment lawyer Crystal Lake injury attorney federal crimes boating under the influence special needs trust slip and fall FSLA estate planning trusts personal injury claims Schaumburg real estate lawyer Mt Prospect Attorney pedestrian accidents Deer Park employment law attorney Chicago estate planning Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer Illinois medical malpractice claim Illinois real estate Illinois LLC creation DUI defense Buffalo Grove injury lawyer traffic accidents Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Illinois medical malpractice lawyers senior citizens bad faith insurance claims hiring employees Arlington Heights lawyer distracted driving accident victims traumatic brain injury BAIID institutional trustee natural gas South Barrington real estate lawyer Des Plaines claims law firm Palatine Attorney mass shooting Barrington litigation attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer Illinois traffic accident lawyer employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, Rolling Meadows probate lawyer modern family estate planning Super Mario Inverness probate lawyer trusts Inverness civil lawyer estate planning traffic crimes Barrington real estate lawyer insurance denial appeals cell phone tower data Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers criminal law wills product liability wrongful death workers compensation independent contractor insurance claim dispute attorney Attorney Ken Apicella estate planning attorney DUI attorney Illinois will lawyer Buffalo Grove employment lawyer Barrington Traffic Lawyer overtime violations Crystal Lake accident attorney Illinois employment laws Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer medical marijuana driving Fourth of July employment contract Deer Park medical malpractice attorney living trust vs will Arlington Heights traffic attorney Deer Park workers compensation lawyer Colin H. Gilbert child safety Deer Park personal injury lawyer Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer digital information financial advisors motorcycle accident Schaumburg Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys personal injury claim Crystal Lake tax lawyer insurance claim income distribution deducation trench injuries commercial leases Crystal Lake personal injury attorney employment attorney investment property Illinois small business estate attorney mortgage Palatine estate planning lawyer Barrington employment law firm Mount Prospect real estate lawyer Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers Illinois Human Rights Act condo installment contracts denied insurance claim Illinois attorney caretaker rights Schaumburg corporate attorney personal injury attorney expungement Chicago corporate attorney Illinois employment lawyer Illinois estate planning Inverness personal injury attorney guardianship attorney Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Illinois employment law digital assets murder employee rights DUI penalities employee misclassification Arlington Heights tax lawyer dealing with problem employees Schaumburg personal injury attorney Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers South Barrington real estate attorney estate plan Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer probate claims life insurance criminal insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys foreclosed rental property estate planning lawyer Crystal Lake car accident attorney corporate law trustee

Archive