DGAA bLAWg

The Case of Bear v. Goldilocks

Web Admin - Thursday, February 27, 2014

illinois criminal civil lawyerWhile people often see the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears as nothing more than a children’s story, it can also act as a simple overview of the legal system. After all, Goldilocks commits a variety of different offenses, both civil and criminal, throughout the story. 

The difference between a civil case and a criminal case is that a civil case involves a dispute between two private parties, the Bears and Goldilocks, while the criminal case involves the state pursuing Goldilocks for her illegal actions. Of course, many of Goldilocks’ actions can give rise to both civil liability and criminal charges.

The Civil Case: Bear v. Goldilocks

The Bears have three claims for which they may be able to sue Goldilocks: trespassing on their land, conversion of the porridge, and conversion of the chair. The Bears can easily show that Goldilocks trespassed on their land, but they will likely not receive any money for doing so, since her act of trespassing did not appear to cause any actual damage on its own. 

As for the claims of conversion, the Bears must show three things: that they owned the porridge and chair, that Goldilocks took some act inconsistent with that ownership, and that their property was damaged by Goldilocks’ acts. Since Goldilocks ate the porridge, and then sat in and broke the chair, the Bears can show that she converted those items and recover their value from Goldilocks.

The Criminal Case: The People v. Goldilocks

The state could also bring criminal charges against Goldilocks for all three of those same actions. These charges would be criminal trespass to land, petty theft of the porridge, and criminal damage to property for breaking the chair. However, the state would not have as easy a case as the Bears did suing for those same actions.

Trespassing is a crime in Illinois punishable by up to a $500 fine and six months in jail, but in order to be guilty of trespassing, a person must enter the land after being warned not to, or they must stay on the land after being told to leave. Unless the Bears had posted a sign warning trespassers, it would only be a civil offense. On the other hand, if Goldilocks had entered the house with a plan to commit a crime, she would be guilty of burglary, a class 2 felony punishable by up to 14 years in prison.

The petty theft of the porridge is an easier case. She clearly steals the porridge by eating it, and in Illinois the seriousness of the theft is determined by the value of the item. Since the porridge was probably worth less than $500, it would be petty theft, a class A misdemeanor punishable by up to a $2500 fine and one year in prison.

The state could also press charges against her for criminal damage to property for her breaking the chair, but this would likely fail. In Illinois, a person must knowingly damage the property to be guilty of the criminal offense. Because Goldilocks did not know she would break the chair if she sat in it, that charge would probably fail.

If you have recently found yourself involved with criminal charges or civil litigation, contact an attorney today. A Rolling Meadows criminal defense or civil litigation attorney can put their knowledge and legal experience to work for you. Our team serves clients across the northwest suburbs, in areas such as Schaumburg, Palatine, Barrington, and Inverness.

About the Author: Founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, Colin Gilbert, received his J.D. from Chicago-Kent College of law in 2005. Colin argues cases across many practice areas including criminal defense, collections, real estate law, and corporate law. He is involved in his local Illinois community as an active member of the DuPage County Bar Association, Northwest Suburban Bar Association, and the Arlington Heights Chamber of Commerce. In 2012, Colin was nominated for 2012 Business Leader of the Year by the Chamber.


Recent Posts


Tags

pedestrian accidents employment law, meal breaks, rest breaks, hotel employees, Des Plaines employment law attorneys rest breaks real estate attorneys Long Grove estate planning attorneys Des Plaines personal injury lawyers BUI traffic violations Schaumburg life insurance attorney Illinois personal injury lawyer slip and fall texting while driving Barrington drug crime attorney Palatine personal injury lawyer Barrington injury attorney Schaumburg criminal law attorney Palatine corporate attorney fault based insurance Rolling Meadows insurance lawyer Mount Prospect wills and trusts lawyers health insurance dispute Rolling Meadows traffic law firm breathalyzer test Arlington Heights criminal lawyer mass shooting Rolling Meadows Traffic Lawyer marijuana traumatic brain injuries advance healthcare directive Crystal Lake personal injury attorney hit and run accident digital evidence estate attorney Palatine traffic accidents defective products insurance claim dispute attorney filing a medical malpractice claim owner responsibility medical malpractice claims Buffalo Grove car accident lawyer bike accident POA Illinois employment law digital assets Policy Cancellation Illinois employment lawyer Des Plaines Buffalo Grove law firm estate planning estate planning, digital assets, Revised Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act, Illinois digital assets, Illinois estate planning, trustee nursing home negligence homestead rights distracted driving accidents underfunded trust Schaumburg traffic lawyer Illinois insurance claim attorney license Palatine punch death Illinois Smoke Detector Act Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyers material misrepresentation special needs trust unfunded trust life insurance trauma after an accident Barrington litigation attorney Crystal Lake personal injury lawyer Buffalo Grove criminal defense lawyer estate planning trusts Affordable Care Act severance agreements changes to mortgage law pizza emoji preventing accidents living trust vs will Schaumburg personal injury attorney jet ski accidents most common reasons for life insurance claim denials Illinois defective products attorney forming a corporation in Illinois foreclosure insurance dispute attorney jet ski Deer Park medical malpractice attorney Deer Park traffic accident attorney employment attorney Barrington personal injury attorney Rolling Meadows insurance attorney elder abuse contracts Des Plaines personal injury attorney denial of insurance claim Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers dealing with problem employees DUI penalities estate plan Schaumburg insurance lawyers condo association accidental death benefits speeding estate planning, death tax, succession plans, business estate plans, Barrington estate planning lawyers Chicago employment lawyer drug crime Schaumburg Chicago will attorney insurance denials Inverness corporate attorney FMLA unpaid overtime Crystal Lake medical malpractice law firm Chicago biking tips Illinois pet lawyer insurance agents dram shop law federal regulations for LLCs pedestrian accident Illinois Wage Payment and Collection Act Do Not Resuscitate employment lawyer college kids insurance claim motorcycle accident lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury attorney DMV beneficiary complications Forcible Entry reckless homicide Crystal Lake medical malpractice attorneys financial advisors life insurance lawyer traffic laws Inverness real estate attorney Illinois medical malpractice lawyers Rolling Meadows marijuana attorney Rolling Meadows probate lawyer Transfer on Death Instrument Illinois medical malpractice case real estate contract Schaumburg real estate lawyer criminal law Arlington Heights medical malpractice lawyer Chicago will attorney, social media platforms, Illinois estate planning lawyer, installment contracts Rolling Meadows employment law attorneys deed transfer Fair Labor Standards Act power of attorney for healthcare Long Grove estate planning attorney Crystal Lake civil litigation lawyer Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyer Rolling Meadows employment attorney Buffalo Grove injury lawyer Schaumburg estate planning lawyer product liability Arlington Heights employment attorney Illinois insurance disputes probate lawyer Schaumburg probate attorney traffic crimes wrongful death ken apicella Crystal Lake bike accident lawyer Illinois wills and trusts attorneys Des Plaines claims law firm Crystal Lake tax lawyer independent contractor Rolling Meadows litigation lawyer Chicago attorney Family Medical Leave Act insurance agent negligence Riverwoods estate planning lawyer Joliet general practice lawyers Des Plaines drug crimes lawyer bad faith insurance claims pet law medical marijuana Crystal Lake insurance lawyer Schaumburg personal injury lawyers loss of consortium Arlington Heights estate planning attorney Des Plaines collections attorney bicycle dooring accidents rollover accidents insurance negligence insurance claim delay cell phone accidents Buffalo Grove personal injury lawyer personal injury claim trucking accident lawyers Schaumburg car accident attorney Barrington Illinois estate planning lawyer Palatine civil litigation lawyer llinois Real Estate Lawyers Association distracted driving accident victims Kenilworth estate planning attorney Illinois workplace discrimination attorney low-ball insurance settlement construction accidents, personal injury, wrongful death, Arlington Heights personal injury attorneys, workers' compensation Barrington workers compensation attorney Barrington Traffic Lawyer traffic tickets in terrorem provision Illinois Transfer on Death Instrument Exclusions Illinois insurance claim dispute lawyer Illinois insurance attorney Schaumburg criminal attorney caregiver Des Plaines criminal attorney Thanksgiving liability claims corporate law Schaumburg personal injury lawyer pain and suffering workplace sexual harassment Whistleblower Claims back injuries dog bites traffic accidents Des Plaines accident attorney Palatine civil attorney Rolling Meadows Buffalo Grove probate lawyer underage DUI Des Plaines Traffic Lawyer car accident Palatine corporate law attorneys auto accidents Illinois personal injury insurance denial appeals Palatine Attorney premises liability civil rights violation car crash Illinois trusts attorney boating DUI Illinois wills and trusts pedestrian injuries, pedestrian fatality Colin Gilbert Illinois lawyer Arlington Heights injury attorney Des Plaines injury law firm personal injury law firm Rolling Meadows personal injury lawyers wills Illinois estate planning murder charges Crystal Lake car accident lawyer car accident lawyers Buffalo Grove corporate attorney Liquor Control Act Palatine real estate lawyer Illinois Probate Act of 1975 agent ObamaCare Rolling Meadows estate planning attorney consent to a search foreclosed rental property fiduciary rule delay Illinois corporate lawyer Food and Drug Administration's Food Safety Modernization Act probate claims process Arlington Heights Attorney Schaumburg estate planning attorney trucking accidents Illinois trucking safety Schaumburg drug defense lawyer CAM Illinois civil litigation lawyer Deer Park employment law attorney Illinois tax attorney Illinois traffic attorney Landlord Tenant Ordinance Des Plaines civil attorney underinsured motorist controlled substance Arlington Heights traffic attorney personal injury mortgage Buffalo Grove employment lawyer Legal Info Rolling Meadows life insurance claim denial attorney Chicago car accident lawyer brain injury Arlington Heights employment law attorneys comp time traffic offenses Crystal Lake traffic lawyer Crystal Lake medical malpractice lawyer Illinois traffic laws Illinois employment law attorneys Inverness civil lawyer revenge porn Illinois wrongful termination lawyer Palatine probate lawyer Illinois boating accident lawyer South Barrington real estate attorney Crystal Lake traffic attorney Home Sale Contingencies Illinois Human Rights Act insurance claim denials Self-Directed IRA Accounts Illinois insurance lawyer Arlington Heights personal injury lawyer golf accidents estate planning lawyer medical research Crystal Lake pet attorney car crashes Palatine drug lawyer senior citizens construction accidents employee rights deadly crashes Rolling Meadows Attorney workers compensation benefits Schaumburg wrongful death attorney insufficient documentation Illinois DUI attorney Palatine law firm personal injury attorney commercial leases Des Plaines insurance attorney traffic violations defense wrongful termination healthcare Class A misdemeanor commercial leasing real estate attorney Schaumburg medical malpractice lawyer icy parking lots Inverness DUI lawyer field sobriety test Inverness injury lawyer Palatine employment law lawyer suspended license Illinois workers compensation attorney insurance adjusters meal breaks PTSD dynasty trusts Deer Park personal injury lawyer medication errors drug crimes lawyer Palatine trusts lawyer Crystal Lake accident attorney car accident lawyer Illinois construction accident attorney Illinois medical malpractice attorney clemency new real estate form insurance claims employee misclassification comparative negligence capital gains tax sexual images whistleblower protections holiday statistics Illinois business lawyer Rolling Meadows corporate lawyer operating agreements Home Remodeling Repair Act Rolling Meadows car accident lawyers cell phone tower data small business Buffalo Grove real estate attorney job lawyers life insurance claim denial, denial of life insurance claim unpaid assessment insurance attorney DUI child safety Illinois will lawyer Jay Andrew Illinois employee rights attorney. Illinois jet ski accident lawyer Rolling Meadows real estate attorney gift taxes driving income distribution deducation Illinois car accident attorney Chicago insurance law firm Kenilworth estate planning attorneys disability benefits Crystal Lake employment law attorney Barrington life insurance lawyer TBI rumble strips drugs murder defense Palatine insurance lawyer probate claims Barrington estate planning lawyer breach of contract uninsured motorist no contest clauses Schaumburg civil litigation attorney Chicago trucking accident attorney estate tax Arlington Heights Traffic Lawyer ACA Palatine elder law attorney creditors Illinois red light cameras Illinois real estate lawyer privacy laws Chicago traffic lawyer Barrington boating accident attorney cell phone guardianship attorney Barrington criminal defense lawyer trusts Rolling Meadows insurance dispute lawyers, insurance dispute Illinois employment laws Palatine employment attorney expungement Barrington real estate lawyer Arlington Heights tax lawyer Palatine traffic lawyer Inverness elder law lawyer Long Grove real estate attorney gift tax exemption, estate planning, estate planning strategies, Illinois estate planning, South Barrington estate planning attorneys Illinois employment attorneys privacy Deer Park traffic lawyer pay when paid contract construction contracts Long Grove wills and trusts attorneys living trust condo natural gas explosion employment contract, employment law, employment at-will, Deer Park employment law attorneys, contract, Fourth of July Barrington attorney pregnant women GM ignition switches Chicago estate planning criminal defense DUI attorney fiduciary rule Des Plaines drug lawyer traffic deaths Rolling Meadows criminal attorney surgical mistakes Schaumburg construction accident lawyer slip and fall accidents vacation home fines hands free device FSLA digital information estate planning for college students car crash injuries overtime pay DGAA Illinois rollover accident lawyers Chicago employment attorney Illinois injury lawyer unauthorized overtime real estate closing Retaliatory Discharge Deer Park accident attorney Crystal Lake business law attorneys Schaumburg Attorney Barrington criminal lawyer digital media accounts, estate planning, Arlington Heights estate planning attorney, overtime violations Crystal Lake employment attorney personal injury accidents landlord real estate Rolling Meadows traffic attorney preventable medical errors Illinois traffic attorneys Schaumburg elder law lawyer Crystal Lake criminal defense attorney Barrington estate planning attorney employee discrimination anesthesia errors Chicago estate planning lawyer Inverness probate lawyer texting and driving Illinois real estate Illinois bicycle safety pedestrian-automobile accident Chicago lawyer Illinois estate planning law firm automated cars license revocation business litigation internet top life insurance claim denials manufacturing insurance dispute Illinois Trust Code defective products lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorneys life insurance policy DNR subcontractor Palatine workers compensation lawyer car collision Deer Park DUI lawyer Deer Park workers compensation lawyer medical malpractice spinal cord injuries marijuana crimes attorney compensatory time Rolling Meadows drug defense attorney Mt Prospect Attorney Illinois driving without license Arlington Heights wills and trusts attorney Illinois business law atorneys landlord tenant law institutional trustee insurance disputes Buffalo Grove traffic attorney probate fees insurance disputes, Illinois insurance disputes, Illinois insurance dispute attorneys, denied insurance claims, Arlington Heights insurance dispute attorneys insurance claim dispute Des Plaines pet law attorney life insurance claims food poisoning drug possession coronavirus Illinois traffic ticket lawyer head on collisions medical malpractice compensation traumatic brain injury home inspection lawyer rent to own real estate contracts Rolling Meadows criminal lawyer Chicago corporate attorney Rolling Meadows business lawyer Barrington employment law attorney Inverness real estate lawyer civil litigation commercial real estate Crystal Lake injury attorney social media after death Rolling Meadows tax attorney power of attorney Barrington civil litigation attorney Crystal Lake car accident attorney Inverness insurance attorney Illinois mortgages trench injuries Illinois job attorney Super Mario Illinois IRA benefits Illinois personal injury attorney crossover accidents startup company employment law, Illinois employment laws minimum wage Illinois workplace lawyer Crystal Lake pedestrian accident lawyer hiring employees Des Plaines personal injury lawyer paid sick leave boating accidents license reinstatement Arlington Heights trucking lawyer Crystal Lake estate planning lawyer Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyers workers compensation Deer Park criminal attorney Buffalo Grove personal injury attorney first degree murder sexual harassment Illinois employment law attorney right to work IRS Long Grove real estate lawyer Illinois insurance dispute lawyers Illinois registered agent Des Plaines real estate lawyer Illinois motorcycle accident lawyer Mount Prospect elder law attorney Rolling Meadows medical malpractice lawyers Illinois criminal defense attorney Arlington Heights pedestrian accidents Arlington Heights car accident lawyer spinal cord injury Chicago insurance claim attorneys Barrington employment attorney how to avoid common denials of life insurance claims Arlington Heights accident attorney Illinois probate lawyer federal crimes Crystal lake insurance dispute attorney Crystal Lake will lawyer employment contract lapse in policy Buffalo Grove traffic lawyers tax attorney modern family estate planning natural gas Detainer Actions Schaumburg injury lawyer caretaker rights Arlington Heights car crash attorneys Mount Prospect real estate lawyer Illinois attorney license suspension Rolling Meadows boating crash lawyer car accidents real estate lawyer healthcare claims involuntary manslaughter boating under the influence Rolling Meadows personal injury attorney Schaumburg corporate attorney personal injury, auto accident injuries, delayed injuries, serious injuries, Des Plaines personal injury attorneys workers comp products liability Long Grove estate planning drunk driving statistics Colin H. Gilbert Illinois home inspection wills and trusts Rolling Meadows DUI lawyer work unions Illinois insurance claims lawyers drunk driving Palatine business attorney Illinois traffic accident lawyer problem employees employment law Des Plaines real estate attorney Barrington medical malpractice lawyers Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission Crystal Lake employment lawyer medical malpractice, missed diagnosis, delayed diagnosis, medical mistake, Deer Creek medical malpractice lawyers Chicago life insurance attorney Schaumburg estate attorney Des Plaines motorcycle accident attorney BAC Barrington business law firm Illinois speeding lawyer Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act Illinois Sales Representative Act pet bites Crystal Lake law firm Illinois LLC creation swimming pools Buffalo Grove medical malpractice lawyers bicycle accidents Rolling Meadows accident lawyer elder law Illinois employment law firm wrongful termination, employment law, whistleblower protections, Illinois employment laws, discrimination in the workplace South Barrington real estate lawyer fatal car accidents living wills Inverness personal injury attorney Arlington Heights wills and trusts lawyer Inverness estate planning lawyer appealing an insurance claim living trust benefits Barrington personal injury lawyer insurance claim denial real estate zoning Inverness accident lawyer criminal record criminal taxes attorney fees Schaumburg employment law attorneys LLCs Schaumburg employment attorney Illinois medical malpractice claim IRELA employees digital assets, digital fiduciary, estate planning, digital content, Long Grove estate planning lawyers Attorney Ken Apicella Inverness traffic law firm Illinois collections attorney Des Plaines DUI attorney irrevocable trust BAIID Illinois small business investment property Arlington Heights TBI attorney Arlington Heights lawyer Palatine injury attorney Palatine estate planning lawyer rollover car crashes probate process Buffalo Grove insurance claim dispute lawyers Palatine criminal defense lawyer blended families trust payments Palatine life insurance lawyer Buffalo Grove life insurance attorney insurance dispute, insurance dispute lawyers, insurance claim denial, insurance claim delays, Rolling Meadows insurance dispute attorneys eluding a police officer Kenilworth estate planning lawyer loopholes Illinois elder law attorney Palatine construction attorney Illinois living will Des Plaines tax law firm Illinois law truck collisions denied insurance claims estate planning attorney Arlington Heights insurance attorney wage theft blood alcohol content sole proprietorship civil litigation attorney real estate leasing Rolling Meadows employment law attorney Deer Park motorcycle accident lawyer Deer Park real estate law firm liens personal injury lawyer drug crimes probate residential real estate Illinois estate planning attorney cause-of-death exclusions Illinois personal injury lawyers vacation home murder IRA trust transfer personal injury claims Des Plaines medical malpractice attorney School Visitation Rights Act Barrington employment law firm liability Illinois pedestrian accident attorney motorcycle accident Arlington Heights real estate lawyer Employment Discrimination Law denied insurance claim DUI defense denial of life insurance Illinois workers compensation lawyer Palatine employment lawyer

Archive