What Is Included in an Illinois Living Trust?

Web Admin - Thursday, December 31, 2020

Kenilworth estate planning attorneyWhen someone passes away, there is a legal process for administering and managing his or her estate, which is often referred to as estate administration. Instead of creating a will that outlines how assets will be distributed after death, a person can put those directives in another document, called a living trust. A trust is a legal document that designates a person or corporation to act as a trustee to administer the trust property according to the trust instructions. The individual who drafts the trust is considered the “grantor” or “settlor.” Those who receive assets or income from the trust are known as “beneficiaries.” The individual who is assigned as the trustee has a responsibility to uphold and manage the trust property for the beneficiaries named in the trust document. If you or someone you know is considering establishing a trust, an experienced estate planning attorney can help you draft this important legal tool.  

The Difference Between a Will and a Trust

A will only takes effect upon a person’s death. A living trust becomes valid during the grantor’s lifetime and can be either revocable or irrevocable. A living trust designates a trustee and explains the steps for administering the trust during a person’s life in addition to after his or her death. It is important to note that the trust document simply sets up the trust, which remains empty until assets are placed into the trust.

An individual can be the sole beneficiary of his or her trust while he or she is living. Alternatively, he or she can name a spouse or children as other beneficiaries. In the event the grantor becomes incapacitated due to a serious illness or injury, the trust designates a successor trustee to manage the assets. Upon the grantor’s death, the living trust instructs the distribution of assets like it would in a will. These assets may include cash, life insurance policies, individual retirement accounts (IRAs), stock portfolios, real estate, and other business interests. By putting who gets what into writing can prevent arguments or disputes between family members who believe they are entitled to any assets. 

The Benefits of a Living Trust

The benefits of a living trust include avoiding going to court for probate and guardianship proceedings (in the event a minor is involved). A living trust can be especially useful when someone owns real estate property in more than one state. Generally, real estate is probated in the state where it is located. There are people who may own real estate in one or more states, which usually requires probate to be administered in the owner’s home state. However, probate must also be conducted in any other state in which a person has property. Since probate is not necessary for property that is held in a trust, homeowners can forgo this additional administration as long as the out-of-state real estate is included in the living trust.

Unlike a will, a living trust is private since it is not a public record. 

Contact a South Barrington Estate Planning Lawyer

Thinking about and planning ahead for your future is important to prevent disputes among family members upon your death or if you become incapacitated. Depending on your circumstances, you may want to create a living trust instead of a will. Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC, are well-versed in Illinois law pertaining to estates. Our accomplished Long Grove estate planning attorneys will help you draft and review these essential legal documents. Call our office today at 847-934-8000 to schedule a free consultation.

About the Author: Attorney Jay Andrew is a founding partner of Drost, Gilbert, Andrew & Apicella, LLC. He is a graduate of the University of Dayton School of Law and has been practicing in estate planning, probate, trust administration, real estate law, residential/ commercial leasing, contracts, and civil litigation. Since 2005, Jay has been a Chair of the Mock Trial Committee for the Annual Northwest Suburban Bar Association High School Mock Trial Invitation which serves over 240 local Illinois students each year.



Payment for Unauthorized Overtime

Web Admin - Friday, September 19, 2014

payment for unauthorized overtime, Palatine employment law attorneyThe law related to wage and hour violations is a complex legal area that touches virtually every employee. These laws lay out employees' rights with regard to things like when they may be paid, how much they must be paid, and the various overtime rules. The overtime rules are some of the most difficult, and can often lead to violations by employers, either knowingly or simply by virtue of not understanding their full complexity. Regardless of the reason for the violation, employees should be aware of their legal rights so that they can enforce them in case something goes wrong.

One of the most common issues that arises with overtime is the idea of “unauthorized overtime.” Many companies have a policy in place that requires employees to get supervisor permission before they work overtime, because overtime switches them to an increased hourly salary. However, this policy can cause confusion when an employee works unauthorized overtime. Some companies refuse to pay workers extra for unauthorized overtime work, but that refusal is a violation of federal law.

The Fair Labor Standards Act

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is the major piece of federal legislation governing things like overtime pay and wage and hour violations. For the purposes of the question about unauthorized overtime, the important section is 203(g), which defines the word employ. A company employs someone when it “suffer[s] or permit[s]” the person to work. Such a broad definition of the word employ means that even if the company has not authorized the overtime hours, they are still allowing the overtime work to happen. The fact that they allowed it at all means that the employee must be paid properly for their time, regardless of any company policy. However, employers are still allowed to take certain steps related to authorizing overtime.

What Employers May Do

Just because employers must pay their workers for unauthorized overtime does not mean that they are not allowed to have a system for approving overtime beforehand. Companies are allowed to decide whether they want their employees working extra time or would rather simply have the project completed at a later date. In fact, companies are even allowed to institute disciplinary procedures related to working overtime without the proper authorization. Yet, even with such procedures in place, if the employee still works overtime, they must be paid accordingly, even if they are also disciplined for violating the company policy related to unauthorized overtime.

Employees who have been the victim of wage and hour violations often feel powerless to stand up to their employers. If you believe that you are owed extra overtime pay, contact a skilled Illinois employment lawyer today. Our dedicated team can help provide you with the backup you need to enforce your legal rights as an employee. We assist clients in Palatine, Des Plaines, Buffalo Grove, and those throughout the suburban Chicagoland area.

About the Author: Attorney Ken Apicella is a founding partner of DGAA focusing in the areas of personal injury, employment, insurance coverage disputes, and civil litigation. Ken earned his J.D. from DePaul University College of Law in 1999. He has been named a SuperLawyers Rising Star and a Forty Illinois Attorneys Under Forty to Watch. Ken has written and lectured for the Illinois Institute for Continuing Legal Education and regularly serves as a moderator at Northwest Suburban Bar Association's Continuing Legal Education seminars.

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